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Full text of "Wellesley magazine"

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CONTENTS FOR FEBRUARY, 1894. 

Miss Shafer in the Class-room Ellen F. Pendleton, '86 225 

Mies Shafer in Her Office Sarah Woodman Paul 227 

Miss Shafek in the College Life and Among College Friends 

Ellen F. BurreU 280 

InMemoriam: Helen A. Shafkb 230 

A Student View Sarah E. Capps, Winifred Augsbury 238 

As Ali'm.x.e View SophonisbaP. Breckenridge,'88 235 

President Shafer's Official Career . . . Marion Pelton Gtrild,' 80 237 

A Thanksgiving J. P. <S\, '98 241 

Some Reminiscences of Miss Shafer 

Frederic D. Allni, Louise Allen Kellogg, W. T. Karris 242 

AimiiKss by Or. McKenzie, Jan. 22d . . . Christiana Eossetti 244 

Messages of Sympathy Alice Freeman Palmer 247 

Resolutions of Regret 251 

The Services at Wellesley 256 

Editorial 257 

Tns Free Press 259 

Exchanges 264 

College Notes 267 

Alumna Notes 270 

Society Notes 274 

College Bulletin 277 

Marriages, Births, Oeaths 278 



Kntered in the Post-office at Wellesley, Mass., as secondda_*s matter 



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Vol. II. WELLESLEY, FEBRUARY 24, 1894. No. 5. 

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF. 

MARY K. CONYNGTON. 

ASSOCIATE EDITOR. MANAGING EDITORS. 

ANNA K. PETERSON. HELEN R. STAHR, 

FLORENCE M. TOBEY. 

LITERARY EDITORS. 

MARY K. ISHAM, EMILY B. SHULTZ. 

ALICE W. KELLOGG, MAUDE R. KELLER, 

LILIAN B. QUINBY, LOUISE RICHARDSON. 

The Wellesley Magazine is published monthly, from October to June, by a board of editors chosen 
from the Senior Class. 

All literary contributions may be sent to Miss Mary K. Conyngton, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. 

All items of college interest, and communications to be inserted in the department of Free Press, will be 
received by Miss Anna K. Peterson, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. 

All alumna news should be sent to Miss Maude R. Keller, Wellesley, Mass. 

Advertising business is conducted by Miss Florence M. Tobey, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. 

Subscriptions to the Magazine and other business communications in all cases should be sent to Miss Helen 
R. Stahr, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. 

Terms, $2.00 per year ; single copies 25 cents. 



MISS SHAFER IN THE CLASS-ROOM. 

IT is seldom that the president who brings a college to the beginning of 
its nineteenth year is personally known to all the alumnae. Yet I 
believe there is no one of the nine hundred and fifty-seven women who hold 
the degree of Wellesley to-day who was not acquainted with Miss Shafer. 
To the great majority of these she was known only as the Professor of 
Mathematics or as the President of the College, but there is a much smaller 
number who were so fortunate as to know Miss Shafer in the class-room. 
Doubtless there was no one of these who did not receive the news of her 
appointment as President with something of regret. No one probably 
doubted the wisdom of the choice, but all were unwilling that the inspira- 
tion of Miss Shafer's teaching should be lost to the future Wellesley stu- 



226 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 

dent. Her record as President leaves unquestioned her power in adminis- 
trative work, yet all her students, I believe, would say that Miss Shafer was 
pre-eminently a teacher. It is fitting, then, in reviewing Miss Shafer's life 
at Wellesley, that her influence in the class-room should receive first mention. 

It was my privilege to be one of a class of ten or more students who, 
during the last two years of their college life, elected Miss Shafer's course 
in mathematics. It is difficult to give adequate expression to the impres- 
sion which Miss Shafer made as a teacher. There was a friendly gracious- 
ness in her manner of meeting a class which established at once a feeling of 
sympathy between student and teacher. This sympathy was to her one of 
the essentials of successful teaching, and nowhere was her wonderful tact 
more displayed than in the freedom with which she woxdd alter the usual 
presentation of a subject to one better adapted to the feeling of a particular 
class. We saw at once that she expected from us conscientious work as a 
matter of course, but we soon learned that she looked for more than this. 
She taught us to aim at clearness of thought and elegance of method, in 
short, to attempt to give to our work a certain finish which belongs only 
to the scholar. It is needless to say that we failed to reach this high ideal 
which she set before us, but she was appreciative of our attempts, always 
■charitable when we failed, and when a word of commendation was merited 
and given, the satisfaction of the student was as complete as the occasion 
was rare, and the whole class felt honored by the success of the individual. 

It was seldom that Miss Shafer occupied much of the recitation hour. If 
possible, she would make the student clear up the difficulties, and she rarely 
offered an explanation except when she could persuade no member of the 
class to undertake it. As a result, she developed in her classes the power 
of concentration, and they left the class-room with every faculty more alert 
and active than when they entered, and the subsequent recitations profited 
thereby. Not perceptibly, perhaps, but none the less rigidly did she hold 
her students to steady work. She expected so much of them that they 
were ashamed to give her less than their best. She roused them to the 
keenest activity by the absolute confidence which she showed in their inten- 
tions to work. Her words of commendation were rare, but the class was 
always sensible of her appreciation of good work. Miss Shafer was quick 
to detect the strong points of any student and to make the most of them. 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 227 

The student scarcely ever failed to respond to this appreciation by making 
the greatest effort to fulfil her expectations. I believe that it has often 
been the experience of a Wellesley girl, that once on her feet in Miss 
Shafer's class-room, she has surprised herself by treating a subject more 
clearly than she would have thought possible before the recitation. The 
explanation of this, I think, lay in the fact that Miss Shafer inspired her 
students with her own confidence in their intellectual powers. 

As I look back to those recitations in room G, and recall that friendly 
sympathy, that keen appreciation of scholarly work, that just criticism which 
stimulated and never discouraged, it no longer seems wonderful that I 
never knew or never heard of any student who knew Miss Shafer in the 
class-room who did not ever after give to her loyalty without stint. 

Ellen F. Pendleton, '86. 



MISS SHAFER IN HER OFFICE. 

IT was my privilege for three years to be one of a class of favored girls to 
whom Miss Shafer represented the ideal teacher, and it is natural for 
me to think of her in the class-room, yet I find that the image which comes 
to me most often now is that of the President at her desk in her office, her 
eager, alert face aglow with the interest with which each new problem was 
always met. It was in this office that the plans for the better organization 
of the college were steadily matured during the years of her presidency. 
Her influential position as professor of mathematics and her great care for 
the best development of the college from the beginning of her connection 
with it made it easy for her to gather up all its varied concerns and to hold 
them firmly. While keeping this steady hand on all the interests in her 
charge, she gave especial attention, one by one, to those phases of the work 
in which reorganization seemed most essential. Her perceptions were 
remarkably swift and clear, yet she rarely acted until she had laid a solid 
foundation of testimony upon which to build. Thus she moved slowly, 
deliberately and firmty, and seldom took a false step. It would be t<><> 
much to contend that she never made a mistake; she did better than this; 
she knew how to meet defeat, to "organize victory out of mistakes," and to 



228 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 

gather up her forces for future successes. 

The many with whom she had discussed plans for the future knew that 
her work in organization had oidy hegun. She looked into the future with 
clear insight and planned largely. Much of her success as an organizer lay 
in her power to see that any scheme had outlived its usefulness, also in her 
willingness to acknowledge this, and her readiness to make any changes for 
the better. 

Miss Shafer's insight into character enabled her to select wisely those to 
whom responsibilities were to be intrusted while her own sterling qualities 
and high ideals called forth in turn loyal service. Those who worked with 
her felt that their plans and suggestions would meet with full consideration 
and that all which was available in them would be used. As when a teacher 
she had the rare power of bringing out all that the student knew, and, we 
sometimes thought, even more, so she aroused to keenest activity the minds 
of those connected with her in her work. She was peculiarly happy in thus 
calling out their best efforts, making them originators as well as executors. 
Was any flaw in the working of a scheme brought to her attention, quick 
as a flash came the question : "What would you suggest to remedy it ? " 

Miss Shafer's thoroughness was extreme. Her mathematical training led 
her to respect details, and her remarkable memory enabled her to become 
familiar with many which seemed unimportant in themselves and yet which 
aided her in carrying out her ideal for the executive officer of a college. 
She believed that the president should be thoroughly familiar with all 
matters of government and policy whether connected with the internal 
administration of the college or its relations with the outside world. How- 
ever, this did not prevent her from leaving to each branch of the organiza- 
tion the utmost freedom and giving to each large responsibilities. 

Miss Shafer was by nature and by training too well rounded to insist 
upon precision for the sake of precision. Y"et in her busiest time her desk 
would be in perfect order. Her willingness to take pains was something 
sublime. She did not grudge the three or four interviews necessary to con- 
vince a persistent freshman that she ought not to take music as an extra. 
When some one marvelled at her patience, " O, I liked that," she said; 
" her points were clearly and reasonably taken. I was really pleased with 
her, but it was necessary to convince her all the same." 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 229 

How numerous and varying were the interests which were brought to 
President Shafer in that little office few of us realize. I well remember 
that not long ago she spoke of this laughingly and said that during the 
morning among other matters she had discussed a weighty question in 
regard to the intellectual work, had considered a matter of class interests, 
comforted a homesick, discouraged girl, and finally given her attention to 
the purity of our food supplies. Notwithstanding these multiplied calls 
upon her time and thought, each one who went to her found her alert and 
interested. Miss Shafer's mind seemed always to seize first upon the 
obstacles to the attainment of one's desires or the achievement of one's pur- 
poses. These were so carefully considered that sometimes one went away 
with a slight feeling of discouragement and the thought that her pet scheme 
had been treated somewhat slightingly. Miss Shafer was always better 
than her promises, however, and in the end if there was not entire satisfac- 
tion there was usually an appreciation of the reasonableness of her decision. 
On the other hand, to the tired and discouraged our President was a tower 
of strength. Many went to her weighed down by the burden of the day 
and the coming days, and came from her presence calm and buoyant, rejoic- 
ing in the new inspiration which they had drawn from her. She was always 
thoughtful for those who worked with her, even to the sacrifice of her own 
convenience. Her comfort for the sorrowing was boundless ; her sympathy 
was ever ready ; her charity never failed, and seldom did one in sober 
second thought ever question her justice. Her power of self-command was 
great and she had so lost sight of herself in her work that she never quailed 
before any task however severe. It never occurred to her to consider 
whether the task before her was to be difficult or the interview to be pain- 
ful, or, if it did occur to her, no one knew it. 

She was naturally fond of beauty and grace in every appointment and of 
personal ease and luxury, yet in her working life she was content with the 
simplest surroundings. Her natural buoyancy of spirit lightened the 
atmosphere whenever it was heavy with depression, and her keen sense of 
humor led us to keep for her delight the best stories which we heard. 

As has been well said, the one controlling thought of Miss Shafer's life 
was duty, and her loyalty to duty was so complete as to be unconscious. 
Her devotion to our college was entire; thoughts of its interest and its 



230 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 



needs were always with her. It might almost be said, though with the 
broadest interpretation, that she had no other interests, so entirely did she 
subordinate all else to this. However deeply she felt the burden and heat 
of the day, she had boundless faith in the future of the college for which 
she worked and which was her life. 

Truer words were never spoken than those of the honored president of 
our board of trustees, "All who knew her, and chiefly those who were 
nearest to her life, will give thanks at every thought of her, and her friend- 
ship will be lasting wealth." 

Sarah Woodman Paul. 

miss snafer in tue college life and among college friends. 

NO account of Miss Shafer's life and work can be complete which deals 
only with her official relations to those associated with her in the 
college life. Fully to estimate the strength and beauty and sweetness of 
her character one needed to know something of her in the informal meeting 
of daily intercourse or in personal friendship. Up to the time of coming to 
Wellesley Miss Shafer's life had been chiefly spent in co-educational insti- 
tutions, and in these she always believed, but on coming among us she 
manifested at once an appreciation of our life and its best features which 
showed her largeness of nature and breadth of sympathy. Never were we 
reminded that, in her opinion, we ought to be something different, that we 
could of course never hope to be other than one-sided and incomplete. 
There is no reason to think that she ever so regarded it; to her the special 
conditions on which our life was constructed were not of so much impor- 
tance as the spirit which animated it, and her sound and healthful influence 
has done much to make the characteristic Wellesle}' life develop on fine, 
true lines. From the first she felt a genuine interest in all sides of the 
social life of the students, sympathized with their ambitions and understood 
the bearing of them on the development of the right spirit in the college 
life. Many could add their testimony to mine on this point and speak 
heartily of the openness of mind, the impartial yet sympathetic considera- 
tion, the dispassionate judgment always manifested by her when later in 
her administrative capacity questions of this nature were brought before 
her. 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 231 

To Miss Shafer her classes were always the most valued means of con- 
tact with the students, and often since she became president has she been 
heard to express deep regret that her heavy cares no longer permitted her 
meeting them in this way. For a time she cherished the dream that it 
might not always be so, but the hope faded with accumulated cares. In 
this respect her life as president did not afford her the satisfaction that that 
of the teacher had done. Her talks to the freshmen were doubtless in- 
spired, in part at least, by the wish to know them and be known by them 
from the beginning of their course. "I miss the friendship of the girls," 
she said once, in speaking of her regret at laying aside entirely the work of 
teaching, and of the way in which her multifarious cares prevented her be- 
coming acquainted as she wished with individual students. Those whose 
privilege it had been to know her in the class-room and in the friendships 
growing out of that intellectual contact never on their part ceased to regret 
that the students of the later day could never know, except as a tradition, 
that supreme power of instructing and stimulating other minds which made 
her the ideal teacher, nor come much into that personal relation in which 
was revealed the unfaltering loyalty of nature which made her the truest of 
friends. Change was impossible to her steadfast soul. "Once your friend, 
always your friend," was true of her in a degree few are able to attain to. 
Nor was she subject to those changes of mood which so often mar the har- 
mony and satisfaction of friendship. She possessed a singular power of 
forgetfulness of self, of being always the same, the source of which lay in a 
greatness of soul which made itself felt in all relations. To her all petti- 
ness, narrowness, self-seeking were utterly foreign, but a ready sympathy 
with all that is noble, an unfailing charitableness towards the shortcomings 
of others and in interpreting their motives, and a generous appreciation of all 
that was best in them was the ever-present atmosphere of her life. She read 
character with an exact yet kindly discrimination and was quick to see the 
possibilities in her friends and pupils. Many a one of those who were so 
fortunate as to come under her influence owes to her guidance and inspira- 
tion life-long in its enduring power. Those who have been associated with 
her in the work of teaching or of administration have felt in her always 
animating the business relation a friendliness of spirit, a reaching out after 
the true human touch, that gave unerring evidence of her womanly nature. 



232 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 

These were the more serious aspects of that noble character so deeply 
appreciated and loved by Miss Shafer's friends; but who can hope ade- 
quately to portray the thousand lighter traits which lent such sparkle and 
charm to her intercourse with them. The social nature was strong in her ; 
she dearly loved the companionship of her friends and found in it 
rest and refreshment of spirit. Who of them can forget the sincerity of 
cordial welcome received from her, or the leisurely, friendly chat which fol- 
lowed, in which she threw aside the burden of official cares and restraints 
and permitted her genial, fun-loving nature to have full play. Those who 
chanced, in the earlier days, to spend a holiday or Easter vacation at the col- 
lege at the same time with Miss Shafer will remember how her presence 
brightened the whole great building, and recall with an unforgotten pleas- 
ure the delightful-social evenings spent by the little household in the parlor, 
when was revealed to them a dramatic power in her never otherwise sus- 
pected. Those days have seemed far away in these later years, which 
brought upon her so great a burden of care and work, but this has had no 
power to take anything from the steadfast loyalty of her friendship, to 
wither those finer traits which flourish less easily in a more public life. Her 
influence had become wider and more far-reaching ; it could make itself felt 
less upon individuals. But the life of our great college, pulsating as if with 
one heart, has had a permanent impress left upon it by her molding hand, 
and in the hearts of those who loved her she is forever enshrined. 

Ellen L. Btjruell. 



IN MEMO III AM: HELEN A. SHAFER. 

Our world had need of her, but God unrolled 
His larger plan, and without word or stir, 
Answering glad the Voice that cannot err, 

She passed into the silence and His fold. 

Soft, mellow sunshine filled the earth with gold 
The day she left it. We that dare aver 
We live in deeds, not hours, know life, in her, 

Was nobly lived ere Psalmists' years were told. 

Father, Thy will be done! All things are good 
Thou sendest us, altho' we think them ill; 

And what seems ill, Thy plan misunderstood. 
We know she walks in brighter, happier ways 
To-day than yesterday, so give Thee praise, 

And smile thro' tears that mourn our leader still. 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 233 



A STUDENT VIEW. 

IT is with great reluctance that we, who have known Miss Shafer for so 
short a time, attempt to tell what she has been to the students of Welles- 
ley. Our two years and a half of college life, spent more or less closely 
associated with our president, have revealed to us much of her value, but 
have led us to feel that the friendly relations developed in this little while 
were only a promise of the deeper friendship which would have grown with 
a longer acquaintance. And yet, insufficient as must be anything that we 
•can say, it is still a pleasure to tell what our relations with Miss Shafer 
have come to mean to us. 

Every one remembers her first impressions of college life, and perhaps the 
most vivid recollections are those connected with the first chapel services. 
In our idea of the president whom we knew in those earliest days merely from 
the chapel service, the great dignity of her office stood out most prominently. 

Later came the occasional talks with the freshmen, talks of advice and 
encouragement, when some of the dark paths in our new life were light- 
ened, and the hard places made easier. The perfect willingness with which 
every question was answered, the interested attention given to each individ- 
ual difficulty brought before her, a difficulty which, although it seemed real 
to us then, was often only imaginary, the cordial invitations to visit her in 
her room — all this soon led us to know that the president of the college 
was also the friend of every member of the college. 

Those who took advantage of this opportunity to see Miss Shafer in a 
social way knew how sincere an interest she took in each student, in her 
home, her family, her aims both for the college life and for the more distant 
life of the future. At such times all suggestions of her office were laid 
aside. The student's interest became her own, and she discussed plans for 
work or for play with as much enthusiasm as the student herself could have 
felt. With a rare sense of humor, she was quick to appreciate and enter 
into the fun of the girls. She seemed eager to enter wholly into the college 
life, from which, for a time, her absence had separated her. That she did 
not know more of us better was a matter of regret to Miss Shafer herself. 
The exacting duties committed to her taxed her time and strength to the 
•utmost, and perhaps we do not realize how great her effort must have been 



234 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 

to find time for even the few personal acquaintances she did make among 
the students. 

Those who were fortunate enough to meet Miss Shafer often found her 
always interested and impartial. Every matter that came before her was 
considered with the greatest carefulness. She had a broad way of looking 
at questions, trying to see each matter from every side, and especially from 
the side of the student. No decision was hastily given and each argument 
was carefully weighed. If a request was granted, it was granted cordially ; 
if refused, the reasons were clearly given and the student generally was 
made to see the wisdom and justice of the decision. Her judgments were 
the more cheerfully accepted because we could not help feeling that Miss 
Shafer's one object was the highest welfare of the college. Although there 
was a business-like firmness in all her dealings with the students, it was 
never felt that Miss Shafer was unwilling to reconsider a matter upon 
which a decision had been given, if any new conditions arose, or any fresh 
light could be thrown upon the subject. 

It was this sense of fairness, as well as her rare depth of sympathy, which 
led the students to talk freely upon matters which in any way affected them. 
She was ever eager to learn their opinions in matters of college interest 
and constantly invited suggestions from them, thus winning an unrestrained 
confidence which to a less broad-minded person could hardly have been 
given. In short, Miss Shafer's attitude toward us was always frank and 
friendly. Her desire, it seemed, was to bring her girls to a deeper realiza- 
tion of their opportunities and responsibilities not only as students but as 
women. 

Although the students feel how great a loss her death has been, those of 
them who esteemed her most highly and will feel this loss most keenly 
rejoice that the noble work which' we but in part appreciated has received 
its reward. Sarah E. Capps. 

Winifred Augsbury. 

Her final summer was it, 

And yet we guessed it not; 
If tenderer industriousness 

Pervaded her, we thought 
A further force of life 

Developed from within, — 
When Death lit all the shortness up, 

And made the hurry plain. 

Emily Dickinson. 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 235 



AN ALUMNA VIEW. 
^T HAVE never known of a trial however severe through which she has 

1 had to pass from which she has not emerged more nobly than I had 
dared to hope even of her. I have never seen her in any relationship 
which she did not dignify, nor can I imagine her in any which she would 
not exalt." 

These words, in praise of her to whom our hearts now turn in longing, 
were uttered by one who came in hourly contact with Miss Shafer, in the 
close intercourse which would, if possible, betray every weakness and fail- 
ing. To have known one life so full of power and growth and progress, so 
empty of self and self-seeking, so grand in perfect simplicity, so humble 
amid marvellous success, to have been granted the vision of a heart so true 
and unfaltering that one's loftiest aspirations for that heart were all ful- 
filled, is to have established beyond all power of overthrow the belief in the 
infinite possibilities of human nature. 

Such has been the experience of those who have closely known Miss 
Shafer in any relationship. It is well-nigh impossible to speak of her in 
any relationship without including all. One secret of her power has been 
the wonderful simplicity of her nature. As Professor, Counsellor, Presi- 
dent, Leader of Thought, or as friend and guide, she was ever the same, 
doing what fell to her to do with absolute unconsciousness of self, seeking 
the Truth only, whether in scholarship, in the administration of large inter- 
ests or in the simpler, sweeter relations of life. 

Of her as instructor, it is not my right to speak, yet it was in the close 
intercourse of the class-room that were formed the strongest ties between 
her and the student as the latter grew to see that the generous scholarship 
and wide learning went hand in hand with a delicate fancy, a delicious 
sense of humor and a sympathy so large that it comprehended not only the 
needs but the possibilities of each student. Entering her class-room as she 
did her parlor, never too hurried for the most exquisite courtesy, she brought 
to the student the realization that it was a pleasure to guide as it was a 
privilege to follow in the path that led towards a fuller knowledge of truth 
in any of its myriad forms. Absolutely fair in her judgment, just in her 
treatment and wise in her use of educational methods, she aroused in the 



236 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 

student a self-respect so great that unworthy work became impossible. 
Grasping with perfect comprehension the subject she treated, she revealed 
to the student glimpses of knowledge so alluring that the pursuit of it 
became only a delight. And, revealing as she did her subject with such 
power and completeness, she unconsciously revealed a personality of inex- 
pressible charm. 

But, however the ties were formed, whether in the class-room, at the 
table, or in the exercise of any of the duties of her position, they became of 
the strongest and most enduring character. Expecting to receive, as she 
gave, perfect sincerity, she lifted all to the plane of her own loftiness of 
purpose and revealed to each one with whom she came in contact that one's 
own highest possibilities. No effort towards stronger living was too feeble 
for her notice and encouragement. There was no struggle in which she 
could not somewhat share, no tiniest victory in which she would not rejoice. 
No prejudice or affection blinded her to the truest course of action, and she 
desired for others as for herself the highest good. 

What the force of this influence will be can never be estimated. Only 
the fruition of lives strengthened, guided, some spiritually begun in her, 
can testify at the end to the mighty force of her virtues. 

And after graduation came and Wellesley granted to the student her 
pledge of adoption, there arose a new and closer relationship. Wellesley's 
acknowledged daughters had new claims on this devoted friend of Wellesley. 
However close the personal relationship had become, it received added force 
from this new bond of a common interest, dear beyond expression to both 
hearts. Seeking by reference to the experience of the Alumnae to gain 
new insight into student life, and recognizing the sincerity of their affection 
for the college, she made each one feel that the avenue was open for the 
presentation of any plan for its advancement. 

What words can express the power of her influence! Each heart found 
its own needs met. Reverencing her loftiness of achievement, admir- 
ing her power of intellect, sure of her unfailing wisdom and justice, 
amazed by glimpses of her humility and self-unconsciousness, never 
doubting her sympathy and support in any worthy effort, each graduate of 
Wellesley went forth feeling that wherever her own life lay, by whatever 
path she should be guided, she had had an example of simple strength and 
beautiful life from which her own might take pattern. 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 237 



Great as has been the gain to Wellesley that she should stand at its head 
and guide its interests during these past six years, there has been a corre- 
sponding loss in the greater distance necessarily placed between her and t he 
students. That she could not know them more familiarly during that time 
has been a source of deep regret to her. 

This faltering tribute is laid at 'her feet by a heart in which there is no 
realization of the change wrought by her removal to the freer life of the 
Eternal City. All words are inadequate. At this time language fails. We 
can only bow our heads in thanks for the unspeakable goodness of God, 
praying that the agony and tears may not blind us to the glory of the privi- 
lege granted to us who knew her. 

Sophonisba P. Breckenridge, '88. 



I would be satisfied if I might tell, 

Before I go, 
That one warm word — how I have loved them well 

Could they but know! 
And would have gained for them some gleam of good, 
Have sought it long; still seek — if but I could! 

Before I go. 



E. R. Sill. 



PRESIDENT SHAFER'S OFFICIAL CAREER. 
I. 

THERE are few persons who so thoroughly appreciate President Shafer's 
work and worth as the Wellesley alumnae. Many of them remember her 
advent at the college in the autumn of 1877, and the quickness with which 
her character and ability impressed themselves upon the life of the place. 
Even a surface observer could hardly fail to notice in her the dignity and 
poise of highly developed power, together with the finished ladyhood which 
sometimes comes slowly in the evolution of strong women, but which in 
Miss Shafer's case had already blossomed into distinction of manner. The 
large proportion of the alumna? who came into direct contact with her in 
the class-room soon realized that she was a teacher of transcendent skill. 
Recitations under her dexterous control lost their hard lines of formality, 
and became pleasant social gatherings, where each guest was made welcome 



238 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 



by the graceful tact of the hostess. But under this film of courtesy the 
students were always held firmly to the subject under discussion, and were 
guided in its unfolding with remarkable accuracy, breadth and ease. How 
many of her former pupils recall with tender amusement not only her inci- 
sive questions, but also the dry, quiet humor which lent force to her sug- 
gestions and carried conviction with her good-natured rebukes. She 
co-operated cordially with the rest of the faculty in whatever was calculated 
to advance the best interests of Wellesley. But she was heartily wedded 
to her own specialty, and mainly engrossed in that. She succeeded in 
bringing her department up to a very strict standard, with entrance re- 
quirements as high as those of any college in the country, and courses (if 
study which were at once extensive and thorough. She trained her average 
pupils to accurate and scholarly work ; and infected with her own enthusi- 
asm not a few whose talents lay in the same line with hers, and who fol- 
lowed her with delight into the "diviner air" of higher mathematics. 
President Freeman's report of 1883 remarks: "I know of no American 
college where more intelligent or advanced undergraduate work has been 
undertaken in mathematics than that accomplished by those seniors who 
have been reading Dostor's Determinants, Howison's Analytics of Three 
Dimensions, Watson's Theoretical Astronomy, and calculating the orbit of 
the new comet from data obtained at the Harvard Observatory." 

When, in 1888, Miss Shafer accepted the presidency, it was with real, 
homesick regret for her beloved science, as well as with cheerful willingness 
to answer what she felt to be a higher call. Her career up to this time had 
been so unobtrusive, that many persons outside of Wellesley expressed 
grave doubts of her ability to carry on Miss Freeman's illustrious and 
masterly achievement. But no such doubt was felt by her host of friends 
among the alumnae. They had already recognized in her that judicial 
power, that capacity for making decisions unbiased by personal feeling. 
which is said to be rare among women, but which would naturally be 
fostered by long mathematical study, and which is one of the greatest 
requisites for administrative success. 

Miss Shafer's record as president of Wellesley College nobly justifies this 
confidence. Under her care the institution has steadity advanced. She has 
united two sorts of wisdom which are too often antagonistic. She has been 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 239 

wisely conservative in her unshaken loyalty to the primary ideals of the 
founders, and wisely progressive in her constant effort to keep herself and 
her charge abreast of the important educational movements of the day. 

She has brought to a high degree of perfection the great task of internal 
organization so ably carried on by Miss Freeman. This may be seen, for 
example, in the increased efficiency of the two legislative bodies at the 
college, — the academic council and the faculty. It is especially to be noted 
in the very complete system of committees through which the members of 
the faculty aid in the administrative work. It is largely because of this 
thorough organization that the institution is now passing so calmly and 
successfully through the crisis caused by its sudden bereavement. 

President Shafer has wrought nobly to extend the range of scholarship 
at Wellesley. Under her fostering care sixty-seven new courses have been 
opened to the students, and many of these have marked new departures of 
special significance. The great subject of English composition and rhetoric, 
so strangely neglected in most of our colleges, has been placed upon an 
entirely fresh footing. More time has been allotted to it ; the course has 
been systematized and connected to some extent with its sister course in 
English literature ; the latest improved methods of study have been adopted ; 
and the ablest instructors that could be secured have been added to its 
teaching corps. The important work in pedagogics, which was started 
towards the end of the previous administration, has been encouraged and 
increased. A department of Philology has been established, under the hon- 
ored leadership of Dr. Helen L. Webster. Recent progress in philosophy 
has been illustrated in the interesting course in physiological psychology. 
The widening application of the laboratory method to subjects which for- 
nierty were not supposed to admit of it, has been shown in a popular course 
in the history of art. A most valuable course in domestic science, in which 
for the first time, as the writer believes, young women have beem taught 
systematically to apply the principles of the physical sciences to the hous- 
ing and care of the family, has been pursued with marked success, and dis- 
continued only because its able conductor was called elsewhere, and no one 
could be found to take her place. The difficult question of Bible study, 
which takes such rightful precedence at Wellesle} 7 , lias received much 
thought and care, and has taken a decided step towards solution in the open- 



240 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 

ing of elective courses, and the appointment of an associate professor of 
Hebrew and Old Testament. Graduate work has been wisely stimulated 
and regulated. The college is especially to be congratulated on the num- 
ber of noble women, of the most enlightened scholarship and the most con- 
secrated Christianity, who have been added to the faculty. 

The crowning achievement of President Shafer's administration is the 
adoption by the trustees of the new curriculum, which she presented to 
them as the result of three years' earnest discussion in the Academic Coun- 
cil. This curriculum, which is already partially in effect, differs radically 
from the former one. It gives the students a much greater opportunity for 
elective work, makes an important change in the requirements for admis- 
sion, and simplifies the matter of degrees. It maintains for Wellesley her 
place in the front rank of progressive American colleges. 

President Shafer has shown an unflagging interest in the plrvsical train- 
ing of the students, as the basis of all intellectual success. Over and over 
again she has urged her plea -for a new gymnasium. In the meantime she 
has co-operated with the zealous director of the present gymnasium in her 
efforts to utilize every possible means of eking out her insufficient equip- 
ment. The new and valuable work in anthropometry which has been done 
at Wellesley has received Miss Shafer's enthusiastic support. 

In the social life of the institution she has shown strong sympathy with 
the young women. It has been her policy to increase their freedom of 
action by throwing upon them more and more the responsibility of their own 
government, and the result has amply justified the wisdom of this method. 
She has aided them cordially in the re-establishment of the Greek-letter 
societies and the evolution of the Wellesley Magazine, and in many 
ways has shown them that her heart was with them. 

She has cherished a steadfast attachment for the alumnae. In her report 
presented in June, 1892, she earnestly recommended that they be repre- 
sented upon the board of trustees. This representation, which is destined 
to affect the college so powerfully in years to come, is now secured; and 
Miss Shafer's name should always be gratefully associated with its history. 

She has striven with constant devotion to deepen and purify the religious 
life of the place. The president of Wellesley is to some extent the chaplain 
of Wellesley ; and all who have watched her in that sacred office must real- 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 241 

ize something of the devout consecration she has carried to it. She has 
been untiring in her efforts to bring to the students men and women who 
would feed their souls, and lead them in the noblest paths of thought and 
work. Her admirable yearly reports are eloquent of the earnestness with 
which she has watched for every sign of healthy spiritual growth in her 
flock, not only as expressed through organizations and charities, but also in 
individual conduct. 

Her sudden death is a great blow to the college ; but her faithful life is a 
greater inspiration. We thank God for all which that life has been and is 
to us. We thank Him for her sake that she was permitted to pass so 
quickly and peacefully from the midst of a high usefulness and honor here 
to the higher usefulness and honor which we believe He has prepared for 
her in the more abundant life beyond. 

Marion Pelton Guild, '80. 



A THANKSGIVING. 
(In memory of our beloved president.) 
Dear Father, unto Thee who gavest life, 
And calleth it unto Thyself again, 
We offer thanks that this true life has been, 
Bringing Thy word of love to still our strife. 

We offer thanks that Thou thy words didst send 
By one who, living ever in Thy praise, 
Taught us to walk in nobler, higher ways, 
To hope and labor for the perfect end. 

With hearts bereaved, we thank Thee earnestly, 

For all the love she spent along the way 

In leading us toward the fuller Day; 

For all the toil glad given for us, for Thee. 

We thank Thee that to us she is not dead, 

Since in Thy love her life is perfected. 

J. P. S., '93. 



242 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 



SOME REMINISCENCES OF MISS SIIAFE R. 

HELEN SHAFER was, with myself, a member of the class graduated in 
1863 at Oberlin College. There were two courses of study, — the 
regular four-year college course, and a parallel course of four years for 
young women, in which Latin and Gieek received a much smaller allotment 
of time. Women were also admitted to pursue the college course, but only 
a few availed themselves of this privilege. Miss Shafer was not one of 
these. The faculty kept the two courses pretty distinct, the Commence- 
ment solemnities for the two being, for instance, on different days; but the 
recitations and lectures were in common when the studies were the same, 
and this was increasingly the case during the last three years of the four. 
My first remembrance of Miss Shafer is in connection with the mathematical 
recitations of, I should say, the sophomore year. I do not know whether 
she had been in the class from the outset or not. But I have an impression 
that at the time of which I am writing her parents had recently removed to 
Oberlin. Afterwards we were together in many other courses, — in chemis- 
try under the venerable Dr. Dascomb, in logic under Professor Monroe, and 
so on, to say nothing of the weekly gathering at which English compositions 
were read. I can recall perfect^ her delicately outlined, intelligent face 
and her clear utterance as she stood up to demonstrate her problem or 
"recite" from Whately or Butler. She was an excellent student, certainly 
the best among the women of her class, and in particular her written essays 
showed maturity of thought and power of apt expression. Her character 
was then what it always was. Absolute simplicity, frankness and good 
nature, lively appreciation of the humorous, ready sj'mpathy with all sorts 
of people. She was a great favorite among her classmates; I cannot 
remember that any one else was so universally liked and well spoken of. I 
think most of us looked up to her a little, but she seemed herself wholly 
unconscious of her own rare gifts. In fact, hers was a thoroughly compan- 
ionable nature ; nothing was more characteristic of her. In the course of 
the last college year we were thrown more together and became fast friends, 
and I recall with pleasure the ready zest with which she entered into the 
not always serious humor of a set of boys and girls a shade younger than 
herself. 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 243 

At the graduation exercises Miss Shafer read an essay entitled "Human 
Isomerics," but I have not the least idea of what it was about. I cannot 
remember what she did in the years immediately following 1863, but I think 
she went almost directly to St. Louis. At any rate she was there in the 
winter of 1865-66, teaching in the Olive Street High School, a post which 
she occupied about ten years, until forced by ill-health to give it up. 

Frederic D. Allen. 

Cambridge, January 29, 1894. 

II. 

In 1865, an important place as teacher in the St. Louis High School, was 
to be filled, and application was sent to Oberlin for a suitable person. Miss 
Shafer was warmly recommended by the faculty who remembered her con- 
scientious faithfulness as a student, her fine mental ability and her social 
gifts, which were especially adapted to make her widely useful. So, 
although she had had only two years' experience in teaching, she went to 
St. Louis and remained there ten years. At that time, just after the war, 
tlie St. Louis public schools were coming into great strength and prominence 
under the superintendence of Hon. William T. Harris, whose success has 
since attracted the attention of all educators, and who is now our United 
States Commissioner of Education. He had gathered around him a company 
of rare teachers who were enthusiastic in carrying out his larger plans. 
The guidance and inspiration of Superintendent Harris, and the influence 
of her associate teachers was very helpful to Miss Shafer. 

She was asked to teach classes in branches of higher mathematics, which 
she had never studied. She prepared herself day by day for her teaching, 
successfully mastering the subjects, and inspiring her pupils with enthusi- 
astic love of the work. This was the beginning of her reputation as a 
teacher of mathematics. 

Commissioner Harris says "Her methods of instruction produced the best 
Jesuits I have ever known, and her personal influence over youth, to secme 
earnest work, was remarkable." 

She had a large circle of acquaintances in St. Louis, and many valued 
friends. She was one of the charter members of Pilgrim Church. 

Louise Allen Kellogg. 



244 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 

III. 

Miss Shafer was for several years teacher of mathematics and sometimes 
of other branches in the public high school in St. Louis while I was super- 
intendent in that city. I noticed that students made remarkable progress 
in algebra and the branches of mathematics which follow algebra in course. 
The results were so interesting that I took pains to discover the methods 
that she employed in teaching. She seemed to have an unerring instinct 
with regard to the parts and portions of the algebra that should be thor- 
oughly mastered in order to make rapid and sure progress in the higher 
branches of mathematics. One thing I noticed was that she gave a very 
thorough drill in manipulating complex and compound literate quantities, 
thus familiarizing the pupils with the appearance of algebraic numbers, and 
giving them an ability to analyze at sight complex expressions. There 
were no pupils in her classes that did not do full justice to their powers. 
They were all kept at work, and on such topics as were most profitable. 
Her disciplinary control over her pupils was of the highest order that I have 
known. She controlled her pupils by a subtle appeal to the manliness of 
the boys and the dignity and self-respect of the girls, and managed with 
ease the most brittle tempers and the most wayward characters. Miss 
Shafer was very modest and never paraded her claims for recognition, 
iilthough she had sufficient self-respect. 

W. T. Harris, Commissioner of Education. 



ADDBESS BY DB. McEENZIE, JAN. 22. 

This is a day she would have loved, — 

" Sweet day, so cool, so calm, so bright, 
The union of the earth and sky — " 

In this clear light, with no cloud above us, in the clear air, it is easy to 
believe that between heaven and earth angels are ascending and descending. 
Not alone do "the armies of the ransomed saints throng up the steeps of 
light," but down the steeps of light come the messengers of God with com- 
fort, hope and triumph. Another victor has entered in at the golden gates. 
Even now the prayer is answered, which has prevailed above our own : 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 245 

" Father, I will that they also whom thou hast given be with me where I 
am, that they may behold my glory ; and the glory which thou gavest me I 
have given them." We can be partakers of His joy, so of her joy, though 
she has gone from our sight. Some day, not now, but when our thoughts 
have become quiet and we can speak more calmly, we will tell of her life, 
give thanks for her friendship, and for all which her hands have wrought, 
and will speak of the honor and delight to which she has been advanced. 
Even now, surprised and saddened though we are, we can rejoice with her. 

She is with us still — the friend, genial, helpful, affectionate. It is written 
on a stone at Mount Auburn where a beloved one rests, " She was so pleas- 
ant." We repeat the simple tribute, waiting here — " She was so pleasant." 

She was the scholar, accurate, earnest, believing ; and the teacher, instruct- 
ing, inspiring, ennobling. She brought to the high office she adorned the 
wisdom and genius of ability which have made these brief crowning years 
illustrious. She was happy in the conditions of her life. She came into a 
home full of intelligence, learning, piety. She was able to foster her tastes, 
to give free range to her powers, to become wise in the science which allured 
and rewarded her, to rise in her chastened imagination above the world 
where the heavens declared to her the glory of God. With such thoughts 
of Him and of His works and of His truths, she could carry with her the 
privileged spirits who were akin in their desire, and bring them into the 
realms of truth and life. Her line went out into all the earth, and her 
words to the end of the world. She came with her rare endowment of mind 
and heart to the young college in whose hope she entered. It was the for- 
• mative period, when all she knew was needed, and all she was would find 
its unexampled opportunity. She knew the day of her visitation and made 
the life of the college her life, till she sat in its highest seat, wearing the 
honor with dignity and grace, fulfilling the duties with cheerful fidelity. 
She was in the highest place in all the land held by a woman, and the place 
steadily grew higher for her presence. Her science was her minister, and 
brought to her counsels and her work the freshness, the accuracy, the aspi- 
ration which gave strength and beauty to her rule. In the mathematics 
wherein she revelled she kept a heart full of all gentleness and friendliness. 

She has gone to the increasing company of our elect who live in God. 
She has rejoined him, the founder of our college. She is with him who 



246 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 

took counsel with her, being here, and on a New Year's day went on to his 
reward — the second father of our college. She is in the excellent glory 
with the preacher, the bishop, who knew her thoughts, who was widening 
his care for the college, when suddenly the summons reached him. She went 
approved, holding the cross. She is with the gracious woman who loved 
the college and crave of her life for its enrichment. She broke her alabaster 
box and poured out the costly spikenard and made the house fragrant forever 
more. Do they talk together of the things they cared for here? We 
believe in the communion of saints on earth and in heaven, and the com- 
munion is enlarged now that another has gone up on high. We have trea- 
sure in heaven, of those with whom we have shared life here, and who 
behold the face of Him in whose school we live. They were His while they 
were here, and well were they doing His service, and His approval was 
their recompense. He called them, for that there was service there they 
could best do. They had been trained for it here. Something was to be 
done, and she who has gone from us was needed for the doing of it ; she 
who had learned so well to do his bidding. Everything she knew will find 
its larger use. Her study of the laws of God; her ability to understand 
Him; her power to teach others His ways among the worlds, her skill in 
leading, guiding, helping younger lives; all which drew to her our admira- 
tion and held our confidence and love ; all which made us pray that her days 
might be prolonged among us, — for all there is ample exercise and grandest 
opportunity, where there will be no need of rest, and the night will not 
interrupt the day, and they do not count the years ; and in immortal life 
the free spirit live.s and reigns forever. Let us think for our comfort on our 
college work and life extended to the skies. 

She is witli God. The vision she saw from the earth i-; about her, in 
glory she had not seen. She knows immortality. She has seen the Lord. 
The word of promise is fulfilled in her; there is a divine word for us who 
wait, — "We shall be like Him; for we shall see Him as He is." "All Hail 
and Farewell!" Blessed are they who live ai.id die in the Lord. Blessed 
are the pure in heart, for they shall see God. 

We know not when, we know not where, 

We know not what that world will be, 
But this we know: it will be fair 

To see. 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 247 



With heart athirst and thirsty face 

We know and know not what shall be: — 
Christ Jesus bring us of His grace 

To see. 

Christ Jesus bring us of His grace, 

Beyond all prayers our hope can pray, 
One day to see Him face to face, — 

One day. 

Christiana Rossetti. 



MESSAGES OF SYMPATHY. 

THROUGH the kindness of various members of the faculty we are 
enabled to publish some of the telegrams and letters of sympathy for 
Wellesley and respect for Miss Shafer which have come from all quarters. 
From President Harper and Dean Talbot of Chicago University : 

We mourn Wellesley 's loss of a wise leader and true friend. 
From President Taylor of Vassar : 

We send our deepest sympathy. The work has lost an admirable woman, 
an able and wise administrator. 
From President Gates of Amherst: 

We send assurances of the sincere sympathy of Amherst College in your 
great loss. 
From President Carter of Williams : 

Am deeply sorry for the loss to learning and education. 
From President Andrews of Brown : 

President Shafer was deeply respected by all who knew her, and will be 
widely missed. The friends, faculty and pupils of Wellesley have my sin- 
cerest sympathy in this their deep bereavment. 
From President Dwight of Yale : 

I desire to express to the officers of your college my deep regret for the 
loss which they have sustained in the death of President Shafer, — a loss 
which will be felt and appreciated by all who are interested in the cause of 
education in our country. . . . The life and work of your president have 
been full of kindly service to all who have been under her charge, and her 



248 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 

memory will be cherished with great affection. She has passed to higher 
work and service in a better life. Her influence for good, I am sure, must 
continue for long years. 
From Prof. J. M. Peirce, Harvard University : 

I am deeply grieved to hear of the loss which has befallen Wellesley 
College and the whole community. I had only a slight personal acquaint- 
ance with Miss Shafer. But I had occasion several years ago to know 
something of her work in her department of mathematics, and I formed a 
very high estimate of her ability and character. I beg to express my pro- 
found sympathy with the faculty and students of Wellesley College in the 
loss they have sustained, and in the severe personal affliction which I know 
it is to them. 
From Mrs. Horker, principal of Sage College, Cornell University : 

The women of Sage College are thinking of the faculty and students at 
Wellesley very sympathetically and tenderly during these days of bereave- 
ment. Personally, I experience a sense of loss in the death of President 
Shafer which I cannot justify in words." 
From H. W. Mabie of "The Outlook " : 

The announcement of Miss Shafer' s death was a great shock to me. I 
can well understand the sorrow which has come to the college because I 
think I knew something of Miss Shafer's admirable character and of her fine 
aims and spirit. 
From Bishop Lawrence: 

All those interested in the welfare of the college have suffered a great 
loss, for her ability, her simplicity, her personal charm and true character 
made her not only a force in the college, but in the community at large. 
Those of us who have been occasional visitors will sadly miss her face and 
welcome. 
From the Rev. Dr. Shinn of Newton : 

I wish it were possible to testify how sincerely I respected the fine 
character and appreciated the noble work of Miss Shafer. God be praised 
for the good examples of all these His saints, who, having fulfilled their 
course here in faith, do now rest, in joy and felicity, from their labors. 
From Judson Smith, Secretary A. B. C. F. M.: 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 249 



President Shafer fell in the midst of her years and services and renown ; 
and we have no philosophy that will explain such a loss. He has done it 
whose wisdom never errs, whose goodness never fails; and therefore it is 
well. But to our judgment, what a loss, what a disappointment of hopes ! 
To a rare degree Miss Shafer commanded the respect and confidence of 
faculty, trustees and students ; and her lasting monument is in the college 
whose affairs she guided so wisely, and in the students whom she helped 
to train. 

The following extracts from the letters of two Wellesley alumnse, the 
one written before Miss Shafer's illness, the other after her death, will be 
of interest as voicing the feelings of inan} r : 

" I hope Miss Shafer is better this year than she has been sometimes. I 
always felt about her that she saw through me, and that it would be useless 
to try to conceal what was bad, but that she still had a real interest in me, 
and was perfectly true and wise in advising me. And I want other girls to 
have her help and inspiration for years and years." 

" It has come so suddenly that I cannot realize yet all that it means. 
The inspiration of her confidence in me has been such a constant presence 
that it seems impossible I can never drink it in again afresh. I have felt 
for some years that my college life brought me nothing better than the 
privilege of knowing her, and I am thankful that from the beginning of my 
college days it was one that was highly prized." 

The letters received from the first and second presidents of Wellesley 
will be of such general interest that they are given in full : 

" A letter from Mrs. Ransom, written on Friday, prepared me for the sor- 
rowful tidings of your telegram, received Saturday evening. In spirit I am 
with you in profound sympathy, and sincerely regret that I cannot be pres- 
ent in person at the last sad rites. 1 have been under the cloud with you 
all through the long Sunday, and felt the silence and holy hush that per- 
vades the college. 

"The Lord is surely with us all, in peculiar nearness, as we still strive to 
gain glimpses of our dear friend so quickly passed beyond our sight. We 
think she cannot be spared from our college ; perhaps she could not longer 
be spared from the Wellesley circle in heaven. 



250 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 

"In a very dark day, Mr. Durant once said with a quiet faith, ' The Lord 
will take care of His college.' The words come down the years with pecu- 
liar emphasis in this trying hour. 

"Rest assured of my earnest prayers and unvarying interest and affection. 

" Faithfully yours, 

"Ada L. Howard, Jan. 21, 1894." 

I am glad to learn that the next number of the Wellesley Magazine 
will contain accounts of Miss Shafer. There should be many of them. A 
character so distinct, and in some respects so heroic, should move many to 
its praise. Undergraduates will tell what she did for them as their stately 
and considerate President ; members of the faculty how sagacious, just and 
equitable she was as their head ; 1113' thoughts go back to the days when 1 
leaned upon her, the eight and a half years when she and I worked side by 
side. 

When I entered the college in 1879, she had already held the professor- 
ship of mathematics two years. I learned at once that she had the high 
regard of her colleagues and students, that she was an admirable teacher, a 
fair-minded debater of college questions, a witty and cultivated woman. But 
during the years of my companionship with her I was drawn to study her 
character somewhat closely, and there grew in me an ever-increasing respect 
for her exact scholarship, her judicial temper of mind, her sober sympathies, 
her rational affection for the college, and her steadfast loyalty to its ideals- 

When the time came for a new president, my thoughts naturally turned 
to her. The trustees, knowing the heavy responsibilities which the grow- 
ing college must put upon its president, were determined to find the woman 
best able to bear them, wherever she might be. That they unanimously 
chose their own frail professor of mathematics was the highest tribute they 
could have paid to her trustworthy qualities, and she justified the choice. 
Though much of the time in delicate health, her courage never faltered, nor 
her devotion to the work she loved. With her, duty was a passion, The 
sight of her loyalty to it must have steadied many a girl # Where other 
women would have easily sunk into invalidism, she guided herself discreetly, 
and quietly bore for the sake of many the heaviest of buidens. She died 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 251 



as she would have wished, in the midst of her work, with all its perplexities 

upon her heart, fresh dreams of its future growth in her active brain, and, 

drawn up in long ranks beside her, the girls she had toiled for and blessed. 

Alice Freeman Palmer. 
Cambridge, Mass. 



RESOLUTIONS OF BEG RET. 
FROM THE TRUSTEES OF WELLESLEY COLLEGE. 

The Trustees of Wellesley College, in the presence of the great sorrow 
which has come to them and the great loss which the college has sustained, 
desire to make permanent expression of their admiration of the character 
and the work of the president, Helen A. Shafer, who has now entered 
into rest. 

She came to the college when it was yet very young, and was entering 
upon its career, bringing a rich endowment of wisdom and learning, and 
joining with others to preserve and extend the spirit and the method which 
were to make a new way for themselves beyond all precedents, and were to 
give to the school founded in Christian faith its own place among the high- 
est institutions of the laud. She enlarged its strength within its walls and 
its influence and fame abroad. For more than sixteen years her life has 
been one with the life of the college. When she was called to its highest 
place she responded cheerfully, leaving the familiar ways of her professor- 
ship for the more difficult office which would demand the entire force of her 
mind and heart. 

She has served and ruled the college with all her powers ; not seeking to 
be ministered unto, she has ministered with her rare training, her instructive 
experience, her spiritual insight, her broad vision, her full devotion, her 
delight in her place and her contact with its ample opportunities. By gen- 
tleness and firmness, by patience and discretion, she has advanced the inter- 
ests of the college in every line, and has strengthened in purpose and in 
will the teachers and the scholars who have entered the gates. 

Her administration, quiet, steady, intelligent, has been illustrious, and 
has been most esteemed by those who most carefully watched its daily 



252 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 

. , 

course, and felt the gracious sincerity of its intent. Her name will be kept 
in honor. Her example will be an inspiration and her work will advance. 
Her desire will be fulfilled. She has taken to herself, being here, the power 
of an endless life. 

The above is a copy from the minutes of the meeting of the trustees, Feb- 
ruary first, eighteen hundred and ninety-four. 

Pauline A. Durant, Secretary. 

FROM THE FACULTY OF WELLESLEY COLLEGE. 

God, our Heavenly Father, has suddenly taken from us our revered and 
beloved president, at a time when it would have seemed to us that the col- 
lege could least spare her presence. 

But we know that His goodness, His wisdom and His power are ever the 
same, and that His compassions fail not. 

We therefore rejoice in His blessed will. We give Him thanks for the 
life that has been ours for a time, for the enduring work which He enabled 
His servant to do for this college, for the confidence and affection which 
His grace in her inspired in her associates, for the years which she was 
spared to her work and her friends, and now that He has taken her to her 
reward, nor left us comfortless ; that we have her work, which remains, the 
memory of her leadership, companionship and friendship, her example of 
intelligent devotion to duty, and our joy in her joy as she enters into rest 
and begins upon the more immediate knowledge of our glorious redemption. 

We desire as a body to express to the family of Miss Shafer the love and 
honor in which we hold our departed president, our grateful recognition of 
the abiding nature of her work for Wellesley College, and our deep sense 
of loss in this great bereavement. We would offer them the sympathy of a 
sorrow akin to their sorrow, while we unite our rejoicing with theirs over 
the blessedness of her whom God has taken. 
For the Faculty, 

Frances E. Lord 
Susan M. Hallowell 
Katharine Lee Bates \ Committee. 
Ellen F. Pendleton | 
Margarette Muller 



THE WBLLESLEY MAGAZINE. 253 

Whereas, it has seemed best to our Heavenly Father, in His mercy and 
providence, to remove from among us our honored president and beloved 
friend, Helen A. Shafer, be it 

Resolved, that we, the students of Wellesley College, would hereby 
express our sorrow for the great loss which we have suffered, and offer our 
deepest sympathy to her family and friends in their bereavement ; and 

Resolved, that we express our appreciation of her work for us and of the 
inspiration which her life has been to us; and 

Resolved, that a copy of these resolutions be sent to her family, to the 
faculty of Wellesley College and to the Wellesley Magazine. 

Helen M. Kelsey ) 

Harriet Manning Blake > Committee. 
Joanna S. Parker ) 

Jan. 24, 1894. 

FROM THE CLASS OF 1891. 

Whereas, God in His mysterious providence has removed by death Miss 
Helen A. Shafer, president of Wellesle) 7 College since 1888, and a member 
of its faculty since 1877, it is hereby 

Resolved, by the class of 1891, of which President Shafer was an honorary 
member and a beloved friend, that this class hereby testifies its high appre- 
ciation of Miss Shafer's elevated character, her broad education, her power 
as a teacher, and her great value as the executive head of Wellesley College. 
Resolved, that the class of 1891 hereby tenders its sympathy to the 
bereaved family of Miss Shafer, and also to the undergraduates now deprived 
of her inspiring leadership. 

Resolved, that a copy of these resolutions be sent to the family of Miss 
Shafer, and that a copy be sent for publication in the Wellesley 
Magazine. 

Signed, Bertha Palmer, President. 

E. Juliette Wall, Secretary. 
Mary W. Carter, Treasurer. 

For the class of 1891. 



254 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 



FROM THE WELLESLEY ALUMN.E ASSOCIATION. 

Whereas, God in His perfect wisdom has summoned into the secret of His 
presence the beloved president of Weliesley College, we, the alumnse, to 
every one of whom the vanished face has been familiar, would put on record 
and communicate to those with whom we mourn the following resolutions: 

That we are unutterably grateful for the high service our lamented pro- 
fessor, president and friend has rendered Weliesley, first as a teacher of 
rare mathematical scholarship and yet rarer power to call forth from her 
classes sustained enthusiasm and the best exertion of individual thought ; 
in these later years as a leader and administrator, prudent, just and gen- 
erous, whose deed was ever better than her word, and whose word was 
founded in wisdom, truth and honor; and always as the noble Christian 
woman of purpose, pure and steadfast, of charities broad and sweet; 

That we do especially recognize the graciousness of her bearing toward 
us as the alumnae association, in that she was wont to meet us with unfeigned 
warmth of welcome on our annual return to college halls, to confide to us 
what she in due discretion might of her cares and plans for Weliesley, to 
draw us near her in fellowship of labor and of hope, and to strengthen in 
us by illustrious example an intelligent and conscientious loyalty to the col- 
lege in furtherance of whose great work her very life was given ; 

That we would express our heartfelt sympathy with all who bow beneath 
the pain of this most sudden blow, — with the trustees and faculty of Welles- 
ley, who mourn so strong a colleague, so able a leader and so dear an asso- 
ciate, with the community of students whose interests were precious in her 
sight, with the wide circle of personal friends who will not cease to miss 
her, and, most tenderly, with those of her own household, to whom, in their 
deep bereavement, may God be merciful. 

Signed, Katharine Lee Bates. 

Charlotte F. Roberts. 
Elizabeth M. Blakeslee. 

FROM THE CHICAGO WELLESLEY CLUB. 

Wliereas, it has pleased our Heavenly Father to take home our beloved 
president, Miss Helen Alinira Shafer, whose, departure, while causing wide- 
spread and heartfelt grief, must nevertheless be recognized as a happy 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 255 

release for her from a life of self-forgetful toil and constant struggle against 
physical frailty, he it 

Resolved, that we, the in embers of the Chicago Wellesley Club,„express 
our deep sympathy with the sorrowing relatives, and therefore desire to tes- 
tify our appreciation of her invaluable services to Wellesley College, of the 
broad, progressive spirit shown by her in the solution of educational prob- 
lems, and of the ennobling influence of her womanly character upon all 
those with whom she had to do. Furthermore, be it 

Resolved, that copies of these resolutions be sent to Miss Mary Shafer of 
Oberlin and Mr. J. J. Shafer of Cleveland, and that a third copy be sent for 
publication to the Wellesley Magazine. 

Laura A. Jones, '82 ") 
Elizabeth Wallace, '86 i n 
Edith Wilkinson, '88 1" GommMee - 
Lillian V. Pike, '92 j 

FROM THE WASHINGTON WELLESLEY ASSOCIATION. 

We of the Washington Wellesley Association desire to express in some 
measure our sense of the great sorrow which the death of Miss Shafer has 
brought to all who know and love the College Beautiful. We recognize the 
loss to the educational world of an able leader, and to Wellesley of a wise 
and strong guiding hand. Those who knew her both as professor and as 
president mourn the going away of a helpful and inspiring friend. 

In every relation with her, both as students and as alumnse, we always 
found Miss Shafer glad and eager to strengthen and beautify life for us in 
college and beyond the college halls. The power of that endless life, which 
was and is hers, must ever remain an inspiration to us all, bidding us realize 
as we may the ideal woman of our time, one whose rarely trained intellec- 
tual powers and keenly sympathetic nature were consecrated to the contin- 
uous service of our Father and His children. 

Mabel Godfrey Swormstedt, President. 
Julia Green, Secretary. 

Jan. 29, 1894. 



'256 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 



THE SERVICES AT WELLESLEY. 

THE funeral services at Wellesley were held on the morning of the 22d. 
The students, with the exception of the seniors, assembled in the 
chapel by half-past ten. At that hour the senior class entered in double 
column, taking the centre seats. The class presidents followed. Edwin 
H. Abbott, Horace E. Scudder, Prof. G. H. Palmer and Dr. Judson Smith 
preceded the casket, borne by Mr. Crawford and his corps of assistants, the 
long line of trustees and faculty following to their places on the platform. 

A member of the class of '88, the year in which Miss Shafer had assumed 
the presidency, strewed violets upon the bier. A member of '91, the class 
of which Miss Shafer had been an honorary member, laid ferns by their 
side. The class presidents placed with these the offerings of their 
classes. From the seniors, pink roses, in token of those pink roses 
which colored, as it were, with their beauty, the days of her brief 
illness; white roses from the juniors, cream roses from the sophomores, 
lilies of the valley from the freshmen, and white carnations from the specials. 

The services opened with the chant, " Blessed are the dead who die in the 
Lord," by the college Glee Club; prayer by President Warren of Boston 
University was followed by the latter part of the fifteenth chapter of Paul's 
First Epistle to the Corinthians, read by Dr. Willcox. After all had united 
in the triumphant hymn, " Ten thousand times ten thousand," Dr. McKen- 
zie uplifted all hearts by words whose key-note was joy for those who had 
entered into their rest. After the hymn, "Hark, hark, my soul, angelic 
songs are swelling," the benediction was pronounced by Dr. N. G. Clark. 

At half-past one in the afternoon, the casket was borne through the wait, 
ing lines of freshmen and sophomores, to the hearse. The juniors preceded 
the cortege as far as the East Lodge, where they stood in double ranks to 
let it pass. The seniors, in cap and gown, walking on either side, accom. 
panied it all the way to the station. Miss Stratton, representing the aca- 
demic council, Miss Burrill and Miss Pendleton the faculty, and Miss 
Angell the students, accompanied the brother and sister, and were present 
at the services in Oberlin. 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 257 



(S^itoviat 
I. 

EARTH can show nothing greater anywhere than a human life lived with 
strength, dignity, fidelity, patience. That the sphere has heen large 
or small, the work well known or obscure, matters little, the real nobility 
of life being independent of these factors ; yet, when beneficial influence 
has been far-reaching, and that "fierce light which beats on thrones " has 
illumined all the hard task's long accomplishment, the life-lesson is best 
read, most widely known. And when, of a sudden, such life is swept from 
the range of earthly vision, and one can, with a clear insight and true per- 
spective impossible before, discern new symmetry of outline and harmony of 
purpose, thrilled afresh with the sense of mighty power, he passes on his 
way, more earnest in aspiration, less faint-hearted in endeavor. 

II. 

IT would seem a fitting thing, if a memorial of Dr. Helen A. Shafer could 
take the form of a permanent endowment for the Department of Mathe- 
matics at Wellesley. When one remembers her life-long active interest in 
mathematics, her delight in the rare collection of works upon the subject, 
selected for the library under her own supervision, and her pride in the con- 
stant strength of that department in the college, one can but be sure such 
gift would find peculiar favor in her eyes. 

Hi. 

THE Wellesley Magazine, as a representative of Wellesley College, 
desires to express to the friends in the village, the Smith College 
Association, and all who have by telegram and letter, by deed and spoken 
word, made known their sympathy in the great loss so recently sustained, 
most heartfelt appreciation of their courtesy and kindness. 

IV. 

THE world still asks, as the world has always asked the college training 
of woman, whether or no it is in truth preparing her for life's most 
plain duties and most sober realities. With no more forceful argument can the 
college-bred woman reply, than by cheerily taking up the homely problems of. 



258 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 



difference between them collapses. Neither the individualist nor the socialist 
would think the ideal to be attained, until each man, of his own will, under the 
guidance of his own intelligence, carries out the common will, which itself, in 
this ideal state, must be the intelligent will for the free development of each. 
We may begin by saying that each must be left to do what he will ; but the vari- 
ous wills clash and must therefore be mutually restrained. The more we study 
the matter the more we see that there is no such thing as conduct affecting the 
actor alone, and that if society is to protect the liberty of one of its members it 
must govern all the acts of all the others. Hence this position is self-contradic-j a - , '^' > v 
every-day living, as they come to her hour by hour, not scorning them as 
uninteresting, or unworthy attention, but employing in each petty detail 
some part of the keen insight, firm grasp and iron self-control, wrought out 
at the forge of intellectual discipline, with the heat of a kindled enthusiasm. 
When college women everywhere, in the small as well as the large corners of 
the land, are beheld quietly simplifying fretting difficulties by the directed 
energy of an educated will, glorifying humble tasks with beautiful thoughts, 
and ennobling all life because in some larger measure understanding life, 
the world will ask no more, for his question will have been answered. 

V. 

AS a student looks back over the weary stretch of semi-annual examina- 
tions, from which she has emerged breathless but unscathed, what won- 
der if she ponder the old question, as to whether it has been worth while? 
Anxiety and nervous tension, be they present to never so small an extent, 
are cheerless companions enough, yet they follow in the wake of what is 
more desirable. The student must acknowledge that she would seldom 
turn back to the first pages of her semi-illegible note-book, under other 
incitement than the stirring call of necessity, and she surely takes a certain 
unique satisfaction in this phase of the situation. To gather up the trailing 
threads of a comprehensive half-year's course, to sift out the gold-grains of 
essential truth, to see clearly, for once, the end from the beginning, to value 
aright each step of the toilsome and intricate journey, this is to her a recom- 
pense well worthy the weary labor of a "systematic review." 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 259 



£0e §ree (press. 
I. 

A student said to me the other day, "You know the faculty have had the expe- 
rience of being students, but the students have never had a chance to be faculty." 
Perhaps, then, it will be helpful to a better understanding if a member of the fac- 
ulty explains how certain problems look through her eyes. Several thoughtful 
and interesting communications have appeared within a year in the " Free Press" 
column of the Wellesley Magazine, discussing college government from the 
student's point of view ; some general comments upon these I should like to make 
in this article, and if the Magazine will kindly open its pages to me again, I 
will, in another number, touch upon a few special points, such as the ten-o'clock 
rule and compulsory attendance at chapel. 

In trying to reach a community of feeling between faculty and students, we 
have this great advantage, that there is not even a seeming opposition of interests 
such as exists between different sections of the country, different races, different 
classes of society. The faculty exists for the students; no interests at variance 
with those of the students could possibly obtain a moment's hearing in any dis- 
cussion in which members of the faculty participate; consequently, any strife for 
opposing ends is out of the question. There can be at most only a difference of 
opinion as to the best means of obtaining the end; and the most obvious way of 
getting rid of such a difference as that is by frank and candid discussion. Now 
the fundamental rule of argument, — argument that is really meant to persuade 
somebody, — is that you must understand and enter into the mind of your oppo- 
nent. When both parties seek to follow this method, the opposition often van- 
ishes altogether ; in any case the gulf is sure to be perceptibly narrowed. Such 
a spirit animates the articles to which I referred above; in such a spirit I wrote 
last year and am writing now ; such, I confidently trust, will be the spirit of 
those who read. 

That there is no serious difference of opinion as to the direction in which the 
college should move is strikingly illustrated by the fact that the December num- 
ber of the Magazine contained on one page a plea for the extension of certain 
senior privileges to juniors; on another the announcement that the council had 
already voted unanimously to grant such extension. This action, I suppose, was 
no tardy afterthought, but had been contemplated from the time when the plan 
was adopted for seniors; at any rate, the movement was made spontaneously, 
and not as the result of agitation on the part of the students. 



260 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 



Why, then, was it not done before? Here we are brought face to face with 
the whole question of the rate of progress, a question that it would be Utopian to 
expect twenty years and forty always to answer just alike. There must be brake- 
men as well as firemen, I suppose; but the journey, however tedious, will be 
accomplished at last, unless the brakes bring the engine to a standstill, or the 
boiler explodes, or the train runs off the track. Those of us who observed the 
resentment aroused by the restoration of chapel monitorships, or the years of 
chaos that followed a relaxation of the stringency of the study-hour rule, are 
surely not wholly without excuse for believing that responsibilities should be 
committed to the students gradually, and that we must at all hazards avoid the 
danger of reaction. 

Yet, if I were writing a forensic in defense of the faculty, I could maintain 
with a good deal of force that the charge of dilatory action ought to be laid at the 
door of the students. It has often happened, to be sure, that some measure has 
been advocated in the columns of the college paper, and has presently been 
passed by the faculty ; but nearly all of these cases are analogous to that of the 
recently accorded junior privileges, — the faculty had already practically decided 
upon them before the articles appeared. I know of but one exception, — the 
drawing of books from the library for Sunday was presumably brought about by 
the discussion in the " Prelude." 

The students would see more clearly what possibilities are open to them if they 
laid more stress upon the distinction between individual self-government and 
collective self-government. There are two ideals at war with one another all 
over the civilized world to-day, — the individualistic, according to which the con- 
duct of the individual is to be determined by himself, and the socialistic, accord- 
ing to which his conduct is to be determined by society. The opposition is 
merely seeming, for if one will only think out the theories to their completion the 
tory unless we rise to a conception that shall include both sides, the conception of 
a state in which the enlightened will of society is reflected in that of each indi- 
vidual. Or we may proceed more historically and think first of the individual as 
born into a community already possessed of rights that he may not violate. But 
what are these rights for? The community has no existence apart from its 
members, and its rights are simply a means for them to satisfy the demands of 
their own nature. But again, what is that nature? Man is what he is only in 
relation to other men, and finds that he can be satisfied only in that unity of life 
which love is, a unity in which all discord of opposing wills and clashing ideals 
is resolved into harmony. 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 261 



The actual progress toward this " divine event" is along both lines. Here in 
Wellesley College the development of self-government has been almost exclu- 
sively in the direction of individualism. Are we not ready for a little socialism ? 
. So the council evidently thought when it was voted nearly two years ago to invite 
conference with the students upon practical questions of college life. How much 
response has there been to this overture? It opens the way to boundless possi- 
bilities of self-government, yet the offer excited so little notice that most students 
do not even know that it was ever made. 

What is the reason for this? Is it because the students already have all the 
self-government they want? I hope not, I cannot quite agree with A. B. T. ; in 
fact, I half suspect that she is presenting rather one side of the case than her 
own whole thought. It is true that almost everything generally desired by the 
students could probably be obtained, but how is that general desire to be created 
and efficiently expressed? In other words, the students have power enough over 
the faculty; have they power over the student community? One need not be 
strenuous for a formal organization, but there ought to be some way of arousing 
the great mass of students from a mere blind chafing against rules or a still more 
fatal lethargy to thoughtful consideration of college interests and effective shap- 
ing of college life. That would be genuine, wholesome socialism. It might not 
take the form of coercion and restriction ; these are always evil, though they are 
often necessary. The true office of socialism lies not in them, but in educating 
every member of society through the intelligence and will of every other member 
to know and seek the common welfare. 

"Liberty for the individual!" Yes, but not until he thinks. The plea of lack 
of time is never sufficient; if there is time for anything there is time to be free, 
and while freedom begins in blind submission to rightful authority it cannot end 
there. It dies unless it grows. 

Mary S. Case. 
II. 

Why are the girls all so prosaic? It seems as if they turn their backs on 
whatever was beautiful, and will not take time to even glance at it. They shrug 
their shoulders, they look with suspicion on any one who thinks that life is beau- 
tiful, and with wrinkled brows turn away from the cheery individual, and mutter 
their own feelings out in the expression, " Life's a grind." It seems as if these 
self-persecuted people were preparing for a life of voluntary invalidism, for there 
is certainly nothing more wearing to the constitution than to fret an hour over 
things that might be done in half the time, by a little cheerful application and 



262 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 

thought. Then, too, this disease of fretting is very contagious, and is likely to 
become epidemic. The careworn apparitions, that make their appearance in 
chapel each morning, testify that something is wrong somewhere. We all desire 
to do well in our work, we all have some ideal to look up to, if it is nothing more 
than that we may write a fine paper or do hard problems, but we make our limit 
of existence too narrow, and if any one once looks over the limit and gets the 
true essence and beauty from life, it is with a sigh that so much time has been 
wasted, in which some question in some lesson might have been dolefully thought 
out. Our lessons are really beautiful too, but we only see the hard, cold words, 
we refuse to see the inspiration in them. There is so much beauty in literature, 
in the thoughts of all ages, there is beauty in history, there is beauty in science ; 
yes, even in mathematics there is some beauty. It is too bad that it must be lost. 
Why can we not get at the spirit that is within them ? And then there is so 
much beauty that we should see wherever we look. Just take time to look at 
the sky, at the clouds, fantastic in shape ; at the sunsets, glorious with color. 
Take time to look at ever-changing nature, marvellous in her moods, and you will 
be glad that you are alive. Take time, when you have eight or ten things to do 
at one and the same time, to go to the library and read some exquisite poem. Do 
something that you feel like doing, and be happy. After that the work will van- 
ish as by a magic hand. 

Did you ever think how many of our fellow men and women have had beauti- 
ful thoughts? They have expressed them in literature, they have expressed them 
in art, and have felt even more than could be expressed. Just open your eyes, 
see some beauty in something, and your motto will change from " Life's a grind," 
to " Life is beautiful." M., '94. 

III. 
THE SECOND PERIODICAL AT WELLESLEY. 
Those of us who have a love both for the college life and for the literary life 
are always made supremely happy at any attempt to bring our two interests 
together. And so, when the old, though of late scarcely discussed question of 
giving expression to the college life at Wellesley through another form of literary 
life, is once more brought to our attention, we, at least, are ready to answer with- 
out hesitation: "By all means, and next September, if possible." Why not? 
As our editor has suggested in a previous number, Wellesley, with her eight hun- 
dred students, is abundantly able to support two publications. The matter of 
expense may be easily settled by making the second publication, which should 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 263 



appear each week, a mere news sheet. The Magazine would of course remain 
as before. 

Moreover, current events at the college could be discussed in greater detail in 
the weekly publication. Those of us who are " without" and who recall " The 
Week " and similar columns in the " Prelude," with their accounts of lectures and 
addresses, and their interesting descriptions of social events at the college, cannot 
feel satisfied with the exceedingly brief mention of such matters among the " Col- 
lege Notes" of the Magazine. It is far more interesting to those who are far 
away from our alma mater at the time of the dramatics of the Shakespeare Soci- 
ety, for instance, to read a more or less detailed account of that occasion, than to 
be furnished merely with a statement to the effect that such an event took place. 

Also, by supporting two publications, a greater variety of subjects and far more 
news may be discussed. There are some phases of our college life which may 
not with propriety be treated in our present publication. The Magazine is essen- 
tially literary ; the best endeavor of the students is there represented. But there 
is a side to Wellesley life, the social and recreative side, which does not there 
appear, and which it is not within the scope of the Magazine to depict. That 
is the side which a second periodical would portray. 

Then, too, those of us who are " without" long for news of those who were in 
college with us, and are interested to know whenever any such revisit Wellesley. 
News of such a nature is with propriety ruled out of the Magazine, but may 
with equal propriety form part of a weekly news sheet, which would be more 
purely local in interest than is our present publication. 

Another advantage to be gained from a second periodical lies in the fact that the 
members of the lower classes would be brought into editorial work. A college 
publication, in order to strictly represent the institution, should not be in the 
hands of a single class. Although unquestionably better work can be done upon 
a periodical when the board of editors is chosen from the senior class alone, we 
feel that the literary gain is compensated by a loss in the support of the college 
as a whole ; that there is a tendency among the students of the three lower classes 
to think : " The Magazine is a senior affair. Let the seniors take care of it." 

If, however, we establish a second paper, whose editors are to be chosen from 
all classes, each student will, it is hoped, become more directly interested. The 
college publication and literary work in general are not sufficiently popular at 
Wellesley. By this I must not be understood to wish the whole body of students 
to make literature a fad, and to flood the editorial sanctum with inferior contribu- 
tions, but I do wish that those who know that they can write, and that those who 



264 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 



think they can, but who have not yet tried, shall make the attempt, which it is 
clearly their duty to make. Let us have for the girls who write the same regard 
which we have for our class officers, our crew and our glee club. I am sure that 
we want literature to flourish at Wellesley, just as we want athletics, music and 
class fellowship. 

As to the contents of the new periodical, by all means let it abound in fun. 
Give us some genuine Wellesley jokes — there are plenty of them every day — 
as well as some from outside the college halls. We must have our funny column 
once more. Why may we not have some illustrations also? That Wellesley has 
good amateur artists our " Legendas" and our dainty souvenirs of entertainments 
show. This feature has been adopted in other college publications, why not here? 

Let others speak on this subject; it should interest every student, past and pres- 
ent. By all means, let us have the second periodical at Wellesley 

Blanche L. Clay, '92. 



(Exchanges. 

That college people as well as the rest of the world have entered upon the 
work of a new year is evident from the numerous allusions in our Exchanges to 
the turning of leaves and the making of resolutions. These reformers have our 
best wishes for the success of their efforts. 

The " Wesleyan Literary Monthly" comes to us with a very attractive table of 
contents. Among the articles deserving special notice are " American Litera- 
ture's Debt to the College," "At the Feet of Rudyard Kipling," and "How 
Gambetta Became Famous." The " Bric-a-Brac" department is especially good. 

We welcome to our table the New Year's number of " The Smith College 
Monthly," and congratulate the editors upon their success in maintaining a high 
standard of literary work. The opening article is an interesting discussion of 
Plato's philosophy entitled, " Suggested by Plato's Republic." 

The plea in " The Yale Courant " for originality in writing should be scattered 
broadcast. We quote from the editorial: " No better example could be found 
as to what college writing should be than the ' Harvard Stories,' lately published 
by Mr. Post. They are college tales, yet bright, original and readable. Read 
them and then try and write something different." 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 265 

The defense of the " Chirography of the Harvard Instructors of English" in 
"The Harvard Advocate" of January u is very effective. And although 
Wellesley students have no need for a like justification, they can sympathize with 
those who were reduced to such extremities. The conclusion of the article is 
very suggestive. "The chirography of the instructors of English is justifiable 
because their criticisms are not written for any one to read, because the instruct- 
ors have neither the time, strength nor education to write better, and because the 
chirography, by surrounding them with awe and mystery, adds to their already 
impressive dignity, and also greatly increases the respect that we, the students, 
have for them." 

"The Williams Literary Monthly " is largely devoted to the short story this 
month. The light and delicate handling of "Morning-Glory" shows that the 
unknown author is no apprentice in story-writing. " 'Lige's Angel" and "A 
Summer Philosopher " are also good, the latter especially for the symplicity of 
the young "Philosopher's" egotism. 

"The Yale Lit." opens with a plea for a broader outlook, for less of narrow 
specialization in life, and for a truer appreciation of the meaning of the beauty in 
art and nature. " A Glimpse of Old Cambridge" is delightful in its description, 
from a new point of view — the seat of a bicycle — of that fascinating college 
town. 

" The Vassar Miscellany" is, as usual, full of interest. "Ultima Thule " is a 
tale of beautiful self-sacrifice. Of the heavier articles, " The Calm of the Poets," 
comparing Tennyson, Arnold and Sidney Lanier, is most inviting. 

The following, clipped from "The Mount Holyoke," will be appreciated in 
more colleges than one, we are sure. 

O to be a senior, 

And wear the cap and gown ! 
The glory of the college, 

The wonder of the town! 

How the freshmen envy! 

How the juniors frown! 
How the sophomores admire 

The senior cap and gown ! 

"Children's play and nonsense," 

The jealous set it down, 
Who in their hearts are longing 

To wear the cap and gown. 



266 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 

But the day is coming, 

Our labor hard to crown, 
Then it will be our turn 

To wear the cap and gown. 

Apropos of the need for a broadening of the aesthetic side of the student nature, 
the study of Ruskin's "Prasterita" in " The Mount Holyoke" is very suggestive. 
The "Sketches" of this number of the magazine are especially good. 
We clip the following from the verse of the month : 

Rondeau. 
When love's lute played Adagio, 
Life was enraptured with its glow, 
And danced with love a merry rout 
As Cupid called the figures out 
The while we revelled to and fro. 
And not the shadow of a doubt 
Occurred to us that fate might flout, 
The tender music's silver flow, 
When love's lute played. 

Poor careless mortals! Could we know 
That these same lips, then laughing so 
Would e'er be changed into a pout, 
And we would stand love's fate without, 
With only memory to show 

When love's lute played. 

— The Williams Lit. Monthly. 

The American Partridge. 
Neglected minstrel of the single song, 

Piping at twilight through the russet fields, 
Thy two soft silver notes, one short, one long, 
Rich with the careless joy that nature yields, 
Rise from the stubble round the well-stocked fields, 
Far from the chattering flock or warbling throng; 
Bob White! 

American! All hail my countryman! 

Thy treble sweet or shrill, delights my ear; 
A song of freedom e'er our race began, 

A challenger of conquest loud and clear 
Bespeaking nature pure as God's first plan, 

And pride and peace and quiet ever dear; 
Bob White! 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 267 



Coffege (Ttofeg. 

Miss Scudder addressed the seniors on Sunday evening, Jan. 21, in Stone Hall 
Parlor. 

Miss Edith Sawyer, Special, has been elected leader of the Glee Club in place 
of Miss Florence Forbes, '95, resigned. 

The Senior Day committee of '95 has been appointed. 

A snow-fight was held between the classes of '96 and '97 on Monday, Feb. 5, 
at 1.30 p. M., on the hill in front of the Art Building. '96 held the snow-fort, 
upon which '97, rushing up the hill, made a mighty onset. Owing to the exces- 
sive dexterity of both sides, the umpires were unable to decide who had won the 
laurels. 

The present board of editors of the Wellesley Magazine has sent in, to the 
class of '95, its choice of the next board of editors. '95 takes charge of the Maga- 
zine in April. 

Instead of the " Senate " which was to have been given by the class in constitu- 
tional history, on Saturday evening, Feb. 3, a private academic discussion was 
held on Tuesday evening, Feb. 6. 

Miss Louise McNair, who has not returned to college this term, has sent in a 
resignation of her office as chairman of the executive committee of '95. 

We are sorry to announce that Miss Miriam Newcomb, '94, has been compelled 
to leave college on account of her health. 

" Senior Day " has been given up for this year. 

Saturday evening, Feb. 3, was devoted to sleigh-riding by the members of the 
Agora and Art Societies. 

Miss Mary Lines, formerly of '94, has returned to college as a member of '95. 

On Sunday evening, Feb. 4, Miss Crosby spoke very entertainingly in the 
chapel concerning her work in Micronesia. 

The Beethoven Society, conducted by Prof. Hill and assisted by Mr. Wulf 
Fries, violoncellist, gave a thoroughly enjoyable concert in chapel, on Monday 
evening, Feb. 5. Vocal selections, adopted from the music of Rubinstein, 
Schweizer, Bargiel, Carl Reinecke, Handel and others, were rendered by the 
society. Solos for the 'cello, with piano, were given from the works of Widmor, 
Bach-Gounod, Lachner, Bruch, Moszkowski, by Mr. Fries and Prof. Hill. The 



268 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 



" Nymphs' Song," a Neapolitan air harmonized by William Rees; the three 
pieces for 'cello and piano, from Widmor; and "In Old Madrid," arranged for 
women's voices by Pablo Garcia, from the music of H. Trotere ; were received 
with the greatest enthusiasm. 

The members of the class in political economy received a special invitation to 
attend the Trades Union Conference held in Boston on Tuesday evening, Jan. 30; 
but on account of the fierce wind and snow-storm of that evening, they were 
unable to go. 

We are glad to welcome back to the college Miss Frances Pullen, formerly of '94. 

Those of the alumnae who have visited the college since Jan. 20 are : Miss Alice 
Arnold, '91; Miss May Weber, '92; Miss Elizabeth Blakeslee, '91; Miss Vir- 
ginia Dodge, '92; Miss Grace Mix ; Miss Margaret Hardon, '92; Miss Eleanor 
Green, '92 ; Miss Cornelia Green, '92 ; Mrs. Carlton, formerly Miss Blanche 
Whitlock, '92 ; Mrs. Valentine, formerly Miss Porter, '91 ; Miss Helen Eager, '93. 

The January Magazine spoke of a change in the personel of the College Glee 
Club. It should have said, the College Banjo Club. 

The students of zoology received a special invitation to attend the lecture on 
"Evolution," gi\en by Professor Poulton o." England, at the Natural History 
Rooms in Boston, on Wednesday evening, Feb. 7. Prof. M. A. Willcox and 
about thirty members of the college, interested in zoology, accepted the invitation. 

The same company of students who, on last Thanksgiving evening, at the 
Women's Prison in Dedham, Mass., gave parts from "Little Women" in drama 
form, went into Boston to Denison House, the Boston College Settlement, on 
Thursday evening, Feb. 8, and reacted their " play." 

An enthusiastic audience greeted Dr. H. H. Furness of Philadelphia, the great 
Shakespeare scholar, on Monday evening, Feb. 12, in the chapel. He read the 
greater part of " As You Like It." Unlike other Shakespeare readers whom 
Wellesley has heard, Dr. Furness commented upon what he read. His remarks 
and explanations were much enjoyed — especially his reading of the "Seven 
Ages of Man" with the pronunciation of Shakespeare's time. To Dr. Furness, 
Wellesley is indebted for the Shakespeare readings which she has the opportunity 
of hearing every year. 

Miss Warrene Piper, '97, Miss Bessie Finnegan, '97, and Miss Gertrude Ward, 
'97, entertained their friends of the freshman class in the Freeman Cottage read- 
ing-room on Saturday evening, Feb. 10. 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 269 

Miss Mabel Dodge, '94, led the senior prayer-meeting, held at Stone Hall Par- 
lor, on Sunday evening, Feb. 1 1 . 

The class of '95 held their class prayer-meeting on Sunday evening, Feb. 11, 
in the parlors of Freeman Cottage. 

At 2.25 p. M., on Tuesday, Feb. 13, in the Physical Lecture Room, Mrs. 
Joseph Cook addressed the classes in Senior Bible on the " Parliament of 
Religions," held at the World's Fair. 

The thinned ranks of the recitation rooms on Tuesday morning, Feb. 13, testi- 
fied to the sturdy blizzard which prevailed without. 

Vesper service was held in the chapel on Sunday evening, Feb. u. Mrs. Sto- 
vall plavcd the first three movements of Beethoven's Fourth Sonata. 

Saturday morning, Feb. to, ;it the chapel services, Dr. Warren, president of 
Boston University, and a member of the board of trustees of Wellesley College, 
read the following communication to the members of the college: " By vote of 
the Board of Trustees, Feb. 1, 1804, it was resolved that, until further order of 
the trustees, the internal administration of the college be committed to the Aca- 
demic Council, subject to the direction and supervision of the following-named 
officers: Miss Stratton is appointed the presiding officer of the faculty, and is 
charged with the religious services arid the public functions of the college, together 
with the supervision of the general college life ; Mrs. Irvine, the secretary of the 
Academic Council, is charged with the general administration of the college 
business. 

Signed, Alexander McKenzie, 

President Board of Trustees. 
Pauline A. Durant, Secretary. 



270 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 



$fumnae (ttofes. 

The editors of the Magazine are preparing a list of books written or edited by 
Wellesley alumnae or faculty. They ask the alumna? to aid in the work by send- 
ing to the associate editor the titles of such books, adding, if possible, the class of 
the writer or editor, the name of the publisher, and the price of the book. 

After the funeral services on January 22, there was a short meeting of the 
alumnae who.diad been present. Miss Burrell, '80, was chosen representative of 
the alumnae at Oberlin, and to the college in their name. A committee was 
appointed by the members of the association present to draw up resolutions. 

The National Association of Collegiate Alumnae is devoting itself to the study 
of children. On January 20 the Boston branch was addressed by G. Stanley 
Hall, president of Clark University, who explained the different methods in use, 
the importance and value of the work, and its bearing upon educational methods 
of the future. 

The regular meeting of the Philadelphia Wellesley Club was held at the resi- 
dence of Dr. Jameson (Ruth Howe), 767 North 40th Street, Saturday afternoon, 
January 20. The principal business consisted in the abolition of the committee 
appointed to procure circulars setting forth the needs of the college and the 
appointment of the secretary to act as treasurer pro tern., in the absence of Mrs. 
Campbell. A very interesting letter from Mrs. Sarah Woodman Paul, giving an 
account of Wellesley life during (he first semester of 1893-94 was read, followed 
by a later enclosure, announcing the critical illness of President Shafer. The 
meeting was further saddened by the receipt of a telegram announcing the fatal 
termination of this illness. The secretary was instructed to send a telegram to 
the college, expressive of the universal grief and sympathy of the club with the 
college in this great bereavement. Further action was left in the hands of the 
president and secretary of the club. Owing to the third Saturday in March 
approaching so near to the Easter vacation, when so many members would be 
absent from the city, the next meeting was appointed for the first Saturday in 
March, at the residence of Mrs. Walter Banes (Stella Wren), 438 North 33d 
Street. 

The sixth annual meeting of the Washington Wellesley Association was held 
on December 29, with Miss Julia M. Green, '93, 1738 N Street, Northwest. 
Thirty-one members and guests were present, including some of the college 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 271 



students who visited Washington in the holidays. The officers, elected for the 
coming year are: president, Mrs. Mabel Godfrey Swormstedt, '90; vice-presi- 
dent, Miss Carrie B. McKnight, '82-'84 ; secretary, Miss Julia M. Green, '93; 
treasurer, Miss Mary McPherson, '93 ; chairman of business committee, Miss 
Emma A. Teller, '89. During the reception which followed the business meet- 
ing, the president, Mrs. Swormstedt, welcomed new members and guests. Miss 
Ora W. L. Slater, '94, gave a report of changes at Wellesley during the last four 
years; Miss Evarts Ewing, formerly of '91, recited, and three piano solos were 
given by Miss Moore, Miss Julia Goodall, '95, and Miss Lulu W. Cummings, '97. 
Then the singing of "Alma Mater" and a tea closed the reunion. For the first 
time no member of the faculty could be present, and all felt the loss of a teacher's 
help and encouragement. There were fewer guests from the college than usual. 
Miss Woodford, '91, and Miss Evelyth, formerly of '93, came with Miss Saxton, 
'91, and Miss McDonald, '88, brought her classmate, Miss Cook. Miss Capps, 
'95, was present, and '97 was represented by Miss Temple Perry, Miss Stone 
and Miss Cummings. 

The following is a list of Wellesley's representatives in the mission field: 
In India: 

Miss Bessie B. Noyes, '77-'82, Kodikanal, Madura District. 

Mrs. Gertrude Chandler Wyckoff, '79, Tinderanam. 

Mrs. Etta Readall Chandler, '86, Madura. 

Mrs. Ongola Clough, '90, Ongole. 

Mrs. Nellora Clough Norton, '90. Ongole. 

Mrs. Ruby Harding Fairbank, 'j8-'8i, now in Oberlin, Ohio. 
Miss Julia Bissell, '86, '93-94 Women's Hospital of Phila., Pa., 22d Street 
and North College. 
Turkey in Asia : 

Miss Emily Wheeler, '79-'8o, Euphrates College, Harpoot. 

Miss Marion E. Sheldon, '79-'8i, Adabazar. 

Miss Sarah H. Harlow, '91, Smyrna. 

Mrs. Carrie Farnsworth Fowle, ''J'J-'yS, Cesarea. 

Mrs. Hattie Childs Mead, '79-'8o, Adana. 

Mrs. Jennie Hill March, '79-'8o, Tripoli, Syria. 

Miss Cornelia S. Bartlett, '79, Cesarea. 
Japan : 

Miss Bessie Brown, *9i-'92, Yamaguchi. 



272 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 

Mrs. W. H. Noyes, Malbashi. 

Miss Susan Searle, '75-'8i, Kobe Girls' School. 

Miss Cornelia Judson, '85-'87, Arima. 

Miss Mary Poole, '77- '82, 25 Concession, Osaka. 

Mrs. Vesta Greer Peeke, '88, Magasaki, Japan. 

Mrs. Helen Hovey Parshley, '82-'84, Neururo, Hokkaido. 
South America : 

Miss Laura A. Chamberlin, '9i-'92, Bahia, Brazil. 
South Africa : 

Miss Rose Sears, '86-'c)0, Huguenot Seminary, Wellington. 
Spain : 

Miss Anna Webb, '82, San Sebastian. 
Mexico : 

Edna Johnson, '87-'8o., Apartado, '91, Saltillo. 

Miss Alice H. Luce, '83, instructor in the Girls' Latin School in Boston, and 
president of the Alumnae Association, is abroad for the year 

Miss Helen J. Sanborn, '84, sailed from New York, February 2, on a Raymond- 
Whitcomb excursion to Europe and the Holy Land. She will be gone about 
four months. 

Miss May Cook, '88, is visiting Miss Clare McDowell, '88, in Washington, D.C. 

The class of '89 has presented the class president's baby (the second class baby) 
with a pap bowl, an orange spoon, a tablespoon and a teaspoon, each of silver. 
Each article is marked "to Dorothea Bean Jones from the class of 89," and bears 
the letters W. C. in a monogram. 

The name Louisa B. Gerl, '89, in the November Magazine should be Miss 
Louisa Gere, '89. She is perceptress in the Hancock Union School and Acad- 
emy, Hancock, N. Y. 

Miss Mary Winston is of the class of 'S9 and not of '87, as mentioned in the 
December Magazine. 

Mrs. Clarence T. Burr, '89, who has just published a book entitled " What 
Shall We Have to Eat?" is better known as Blanche Amsden. Her classmates 
will be interested in knowing that Mrs. Burr is now living in South Framingham 
and has two children. 

Miss Harriet Stone, '88, is studying for a Ph.D. in chemistry, and Miss Isa- 
belle Stone, '89, in Physics at the University of Chicago. 



THE WELEESLEY MAGAZINE. 



273 



Miss Anita Whitney, '89, is taking a course in the Philosophy of Education 
under Professor Howeson at Oakland, California. 

Miss Katharine Horton, '89, is at home in Windsor Locks, Conn. 

Miss Edna Johnson, '87-'89, who is teaching in Saltillo, Mexico, spent he 
vacation in Mexico City, and adjacent towns and cities. 

Miss Anna Jenks, '89, is in Zurich, with Miss Corley, studying German and 
Latin. 

Miss Linda Puffer, '91, is in the regent's office, Albany, N. Y., with Grace 
Eastman, her classmate. 

Miss Harriet Snell, '91, who has for two \ ears been studying history at Cornell, 
is at her home at Milton, Mass. 

Miss Elizabeth Mayse, '92, is at her home in Washington. She is teaching the 
two bov3 of Mrs. Cazenove DuPont Lee, Special, '77, daily from 9 a. m. to 
1 i>. M. 

Miss Nette G. Pullen, '92, is teaching German and history at Science Hill 
School, Sheibyville, Ky. 

Miss Margaret Hardon, '92, is studying architecture at the Massachusetts Insti- 
tute of Technology. 

Miss May G. Webber, '92, is at her home in Boston. 

Miss Mary R. de Von, '92, is still at her home in Wilmington, Del., where she 
is taking a course of study with the New Century Club, and is engaged in the 
formation of a club for working-girls. 

Miss Foster, '93, has been visiting friends in Wilmington, Del. 

Miss Mary Hazard, '93, is teaching kindergarten near her home in Dorchester. 

Miss Virginia Dodge, '92, is visiting in Boston and Wellesley. 

Miss Martha G. McCaulley, '92, is preparing to go to Oxford next year. 

Miss Alice Pierce, '92, is teaching in Newburyport, Mass. 

The friends of Miss Evelyn E. Parker, '92, will be sorry to learn of her mother's 
serious illness- 
Miss Harriet Elizabeth Balch,'92, has been representing the Arlington Pharrha- 
cal Co. of Yonkers in Albany and Troy, and is now representing the same firm 
in Washington, D. C. She expects to return to her work at the Woman's Medi- 
cal College of New York next fall. Her address is 530 3d Street, Northwest, 
Washington, D. C. 



274 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 



Denison House. 
On Thursday evening, February 8, an entertainment, consisting of songs, reci- 
tations and scenes from "Little Women" was given by a group of Wellesley 
girls. After the programme was completed Miss Woods, who has taken Miss 
Scudder's place, gave a recitation, the girls sang college songs, and all joined in 
singing Morris's Socialistic Hymn to the tune of John Brown's Body. The girls 
present were, of the class of '91, Caroline Field, Daisy Williams, Mary Salter, 
Elizabeth Hardee, Mary Clemmer 'Tracy, Mary Isham, Julia Burgess, Caroline 
Randolph, Sarah Bixby and Anna Peterson; of the class of '95, Winifred Augs- 
bury, Elizabeth Peale, and Blanche Alter. 



JJoctefg (Uofes. 

A regular programme meeting of the Alpha Chapter of the Phi Sigma Fraternity 
was held on Saturday, Jan. 6. The subject of the meeting was Tolstoi. The 
following programme was given : — 

Tolstoi the Artist ..... Gertrude Carter 

Tolstoi the Teacher ..... Mary Woodin 

Music. 

Tolstoi the Prophet ..... Louise Warren 

General Discussion : Is there Justification for the Sacrifice of 
the Artist to the Reformer in the Case of Tolstoi? 
An initiation and programme meeting was held on Wednesday, Jan. 31. Miss 
Mary G. Cannon, '95 ; Miss Theresa Huntington, '96; Miss Clara E. von VVett- 
berg, '96; and Miss Alice Day, .Special, were received into the fraternity. The 
following programme was given : — 

Influence of Political Conditions upon the 

Russian Novel ..... Edith Judson 

Russian Song ...... Helen Foss 

Influence of Foreign Literature upon the Rus- 
sian Novel Mary B. Hill 

Influence of the Russian Novel upon Foreign 

Literature ...... Emily B. Shultz 

Music Marion Mitchell 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 275 

A Comparative Study of the Development of 
the Russian Novel with that of the Eng- 
lish and French Novel .... May Newcomh 
Miss Mary Lauderburn, '90; Miss Henrietta St. liaibe Brooks, '91, Miss Alice 
Clement, '91 ; and Miss Helen G. Eager, '93, were present at this meeting. 

On the evening of Friday, Feb. 2, the members of Phi Sigma went on a sleigh- 
ride to Newton, where they found a warm welcome and a delicious little supper 
awaiting them at the home or Miss Helen Eager. Miss Mary B. Hill and the 
Misses Curtis assisted Miss Eager in entertaining her guests. After a delightful 
social hour, the Wellesley party re-embarked in their " barge," and drove merrily 
homeward through the frosty night. 

A regular meeting of the Agora was held Jan. 27. 

Programme. 
Impromptu Speeches. 
Effects of the Tariff' 

On Agriculture ..... Helen Bisbee 
On Manufacturers . . . Martha Waterman 

On the Wage Earner .... Clara Benson 
The programme was followed by an informal discusbion. 
In place of the regular social meeting of Feb. 3, the society had a sleigh-ride. 

The general subject of the society Zeta Alpha, for this semester, is " Italy." 
In the first meeting, held in Society Hall on Saturday evening, Feb. 10, a study 
of " Rome" was taken up. The following was the programme : — 

I. Rome, the Capitol of Papal Christianity . Miss Alethea Ledyard 
II. The Artist's Rome .... Miss Winifred Augsbury 

III. Music. Song ..... Miss Emily Hunter Brown 

IV. The Architecture of Rome . . . Miss Helen Dennis 
V. The Literature of Rome . Miss Adelaide Virginia Schoonover 

VI. Music. Song .... Miss Mary Williams Montgomery 
VII. The Rome of To-day .... Miss Mary Emily Field 

Miss Catherine Ross Collins, '94, Miss Cornelia S. Huntington, '95, and Miss 
Mary Heffron, '96, were initiated into the society's membership. 

Miss Conant, '90, and Miss Gertrude Bigelow, '93, were present at the meeting. 

On Sunday evening, Feb. 11, the Society held Vespers in Society Hall, and 
listened to music rendered by Misses Schoonover, Montgomery and Wood. 



27G THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 

Miss Marion Willcox, '93, was present at Zeta Alpha's social meeting of Friday 
evening, Feb. 9. 

On the evening of Feb. 2, the Art .Society held its regular meeting. After the 

initiation of Miss Adeline Teele, Special, the following programme was presented : 

Romanticism of the Nineteenth Century. 

1 824- 1 848. 

A. Outline of the History of the Period . . Helen MacMillan 

B. Nature of Romanticism ...... Alberta Welch 

C. Artists. 

I. Romanticists — Delacroix and his followers 
II. Classic Romanticists . . Ary SchefTer, Grace Edwards 

D. Barye and His Work ...... Lucy Willcox 

E. Tableau — " Dante and Beatrice," by Ary Scheffer 

Dante — Alice Wood 
Beatrice — Blanche Arter. 
The Classical Society held a regular meeting on Feb. 10, Saturday evening. 
The following was the programme : — 

The Byzantine Period in Art. 

1. The Mosque of St. Sophia . . . Miss Blanche Thayer 

2. The Extension of Byzantine Influence over 

European Architecture ..... Miss Grace Perkins 

3. The Painting and Illuminated Manuscripts 

of this Period . . . . . . Miss Mary Chapin 

The Romanesque in Art. 

1. The Progress made by Romanesque Art as 

seen in Capitals, Piers and Vaults . . Miss Beatrice Stepanek 

2. The Cathedrals of Mayence and Salamanca . Miss Annie Chute 

3. St. Marco and a Typical English Cathedral . Miss Carrie Peck 
The January meeting of the .Shakespeare Society was postponed until Satur- 

dav evening, February 3. It was then held in the Shakespeare Hall in the Art 
Building at 7 o'clock. Miss Caroline Williamson, '89, and Mrs. Prince, Sp., '91- 
'93, were present at the meeting. Miss Elizabeth Snyder, '95, was formally 
received into the society. The following was the programme for the evening : — 

King Henry the Fifth. 
I. Shakespeare News ..... Carlotta Swett 



THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 277 



II. The Relation of Henry V. to the other 

Historical Plays . . . Harriet Manning Blake 

III. Dramatic Representation. Henry V. 

Act V., Sc. II. 

IV. Talk. Glimpses of Life at Eastcheap . S. Virginia Sherwood 
V. Comparison of Shakespeare with other 

Great Dramatists in their treatment 

of Historical Subjects .... Christine Caryl 
VI. Dramatic Representation. Goethe's Egmont, Act III., Sc. II. 
VII. Discussion : Is the Character of Henry V. 
a Consistent Development of the 
Prince Hal of Henry IV.? 

Emma Christy Brooks, affirmative. 



Leaders -, 

Levema Dugan Smith, negative. 



Feb. 


21. 


Feb. 


22. 


Feb. 


25- 


Feb. 


26. 


Mar. 


I. 


Mar. 


5- 


Mar. 


8. 


Mar. 


19. 



Coffege (jSuffefin. 

Mr. Woods of Andover will address the College Settlement Chapter, 

Washington's Birthday. 

Bishop C. B. Galloway preaches. 

Mrs. Susan S. Fessenden speaks in chapel. 

Mrs. Louise S. Houghton speaks in chapel. 

Concert. 

Dr. Washington Gladden speaks in chapel at 7.30 p. m. 

Concert. 



278 THE WELLESLEY MAGAZINE. 



QJtarriages. 

LaFetka — Hutchins. At Santiago College, Santiago, Chili, January 1, 1894, Miss 
Lulu Mae Hutchins, Wellesley '87-'90, to Mr. Lylie Wolcott LaFetra. 

Swormstedt — Godfrey. At Milford, Mass., Octoher 4, 1893, Mahel Lee Godfrey, '90, 
to Dr. Lyman B. Swormstedt. At home, 1455 Fourteenth Street, Washington, D. C. 



Decemher 23, 1893, a son to Mrs. Grace Richardson Brooks, once of the class of '89. 
Her address is Grey Gliff Road, Newton Centre. Mass. 

January 1, 1894, a son to Mrs. Kate Hicks Brown, '89. 

January 5, 1894, a daughter, Marion, to Mrs. Martha Mann Magoun, Wellesley, '85. 
The address of Mrs. Magoun is Oherlin, Ohio. 

January 7, a daughter, Mary, to Mrs. Clara Barher Mclntyre, '89. 

January 12, a (laughter to Mrs. Jessie Morgan Eachin, 'sit. 



©eaffls. 

Decemher 24, Mrs. Jillson, mother of Miss Mary Jillson, '85-'87. 






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Calls the attention of the Young Ladies' to her stock of Kid, Undressed Kid, and Dog Skin Gloves 

that are suitable for all occasions. Also her very becoming stock of Veilings, and solicits 

their patronage, and will give to any of the students 6 per cent, discount. 



HOTEL BELLEVUE, 

EUROPEAN PLAN, 

17 Beacon St., Boston. 



This Hotel is centrally located near business 
part of the city and combines the conveniences of 
a first-class hotel with the comforts of home. 

RATES FROM $1 TO $5 PER DAY. 

Two hirst-class Cafes in Hotel. 



S". R. SMITH, 

Manager. 



J. W. SMITH Sf. CO., 

Proprietors 



Wellesley Pharmacy, 

<^5. UA P^V, proprietor. 



PURE DRUGS & MEDICINE > 



Physicians' Prescriptions a Specialty. 




in all Departments 
of Literature . . 



can be found at our store. The largest 
assortment in Boston of the popular and 
standard authors. Also a large variety at 
special reductions. Large variety of Bibles, 
Prayer Books, Booklets, etc. 

««WE ARE NOTED FOR LOW PRICES> 

De Wolfe, piske & Go., 

The Archway Bookstore, 



361 & 365 Washington Street, 



BOSTON. 



For Fine Millinery 



VISIT- 



GEO. M. WE THE UN, 

21 TEMPLE PLACE, 

Boston. 



Southern Educational 
Bureau. 

H. N. ROBERTSON, A.M., 3Ianager, 

Memphis, Tenn. 

Supplies teachers with positions. Supplies, without charge, 
schools and colleges with thoroughly competent instructors 
in the various departments of learning. Operates in all the 
Southern and Southwestern States. Write for terms. 



Finest Roadbed on the Continent. 




ONLY 

First Glass Through Gar Hoate 



To th.e West. 



Through Trains Leave Boston as Follows : 

8.30_a. m. (ex. Sunday) Day Express. 
11.00 a. m. (daily) Chicago Special. 

2.00 p. m. (daily) Chicago Limited. 

7.15 p. in. (daily) Pacific Express. 

Springfield Line 



-FOK- 



Hartford, New Haven and New York. 



LEAVE BOSTON. 




ARRIVE NEW YORK. 


9.00 a. m. 


(ex. Sunday) 


3.30 p. in. 


11.00 a. in. 


(ex. Sunday) 


5.30 p. m. 


4.00 p. m. 


(daily) 


10.00 p. in. 


11.00 p. in. 


(daily) 


7.40 a. in. 



For tickets, information, time-tables, etc., 
apply to nearest ticket agent. 
A. S. HANSON, Gen'l Passenger Agent. 



Fine Carpets. 



The finest line of specialties In 

Axminsters, Wiltons and 
Brussels Carpets 

ever offered by us. 
These are all our patterns, with a full line of the 

FAMOUS LONDON FURNISHER, 
WILLIAM MORRIS' 

PATTERNS IN 

Oarpets . '. ana. '. r lammersmitr) . '. I \uas. 

WE FEEL THAT OUR FALL 
STOCK WILL BEAR THE 
. CLOSEST INSPECTION. . 



JOEL GOLDTHWAIT & CO. 

163 to 169 WASHINGTON ST., 
BOSTON. 



GUTTER m GUTTER 



MANUFACTURERS OF 



TRUNKS #> BAGS 

22 CHAUNCY ST., 
BOSTON. 



Discount to Wellesley Students. 



walnut hill 
Wellesley * Preparatory, 

NATICK. MASS 



BOARDING ^ DAY SCHOOL 

OPENS SEPTEMBER 7, 1593. 

Thorough preparation for Wellesley and other colleges 
for women. 

References:— Pres. Shafer, Wellesley College, 
the Misses Eastman, Dana Hall, and others. 

Circulars on application. 

Miss Charlotte H. Conant, B.A., 
Miss Florence Bigelow, M.A., 



Principals. 




Cotrell & Leonard 



ALBANY, N. Y., 



MAKERS OF 



CAPS {F GOWNS 



AMERICAN COLLEGES. 



Illustrated Catalogue and particulars 
on application. 

HENRY C. HASKELL, 

ii John Street, New York. 

i ^Designer ant (JUoftcr * 

Society Badges, 
Fraternity Pins, 
Rings, Emblem 
Jewels of every 
Description. 

MFF1AI 9 TROPHIES for Presentation, from 

'" ct//,t, ' J original and artistic designs. 

]A/U CfJ you want anything in above line, will 
rr n ult esteem it a favor to submit special designs, 
with estimates, or answer enquiries by mail. 

We send design plates FREE upon request. 

Wellesley Pins can be obtained from Miss Florence 
Tobey, Business Manager of Magazine. 




THE 



Wellesley, Mass. 



■*■ + + + 



Pupils are prepared for regular or for speciaj 
courses at Wellesley College. 



■*• + + + 

Price for Board and Tuition, $500 for the 
school year ; tuition for day pupils, $125. 

+ + + + 

Forf urther information address the Principals : 

Julia A. Eastman 
Sarah P. Eastman 



KEELER & CO. 



Furniture Manufacturers 

and Upholsterers. 

Washington and Elm Streets, 
BOSTON. 

Oiimi Work a Speoialtj. Factory at Ea«t Cambridge. 



PEOK & SNYDER'S AMERICAN OLTJB SKATE. 

No. 20, Ladies' American Club, 

per pair. $1.50 

No. 21, Ladies' American Club, 

Nickel plated, per pair, $2 00 

No. 22, Ladies' American Club, 

Nickel-plated, per pair, $2 50 

No. 24, Ladies' American Club, 

Nickel-plated, extra tine, $3 50 




Snow Shoes, Toboggans, etc. 

8END FOR CATALOGUE. 

15 Per Cent. 'Discount to 
Wellesley Students. 

WRIGHT & DITSON, 

344 Washington Street, near Milk, Boston. 
After Washing. 

Witch Cream. 

It softens, feeds, beautifies the skin. 
Protects the complexion. —, 




For sale by all druggists, 25 and 
50 cent bottles. Small size by maiV 
35 cents. 







C. H. & J. Price, Salem, Mass. 



Lillies of the Valley. 



J. TAILBY & SON, 

FLORISTS 

Opposite Railroad Station, Wellesley. 



Cut Flowers and Plants of the Choicest Varieties on 
hand. Floral designs for all occasions arranged at 
shortest notice. Orders by mail or otherwise promptly 
attended to. Flowers carefully packed and forwarded to 
all parts of the United States and Canada. 



Wight, Foster & Co. 



171-A 
TREMONT n 
Street. 




Cor. 
MASON 
Street. 



FURRIERS, 

BOSTON. 

Young Ladies in want of Furs will find it to 
their advantage to call and see the new styles in 
Furs and to have repair work done. 



Mackintoshes 

AND 

Cravenettes. 

Finest Quality. Exclusive Styles and Textun 

$3 to $20. 

Rubber Boots and .Shoes. 

Druggists' Sundries and Umbrellas. 

Rubber Goods of Every Description. 

College Discount lO per cent. 



Metropolitan Rubber Co. 

Cleve & Krim. 

49 Summer St. 

4 doors below C. F. Hovey & Co. 



THE LADIES' FOUNTAIN PEN. Y ZZ1Z "*, re 

Unconditional Guarantee accompanies each Rapid Writer Fountain Pen. 
Circulars free. FOUNTAIN PEN CO., Washington, I>. C. 

Call on our representative for Wellesley College, Mary Ella Chapin. 



Only $3zNew York 

VIA FALL RIVER LINE for first-class limited 
tickets. Fares reduced for all points beyond New 
York. Steamers Puritan and Pilgrim in com- 
mission. Pullman Vestibuled Express Trains 
composed of parlor and regular passenger cars, 
leave Park Square Station, Boston, week days at 
6.00 p.m., Sundays at 7.00 p.m., connecting with 
steamer at Fall River in 80 minutes. A fine or- 
chestra on each steamer. Tickets, staterooms 
and berths secured at 3 Old State House, cor. 
Washington and State Sts., and at Park Square 
Station. 

J. R. KENDRICK, Gen'l Mgr., Boston. 

GEO. L. CONNOR, Gen'l Pass'r Agt., Boston. 

H. L. PALMER, Agt., 3 Old State House, Boston. 



Wellesley Steam Laundry. 



PRO BONO PUBLICO. 



We are prepared to do all kinds of Laundry 
Work in a first-class manner and at reasonable 
prices. Call on us and get our terms. Try us and 
we will guarantee you satisfaction. Goods called 
for and delivered at any place in the Village at the 
College Buildings. 

J. T. Melius, 

PROPRIETOR. 



W0rr)(ai)'s iTjeclical fe0iiee|<z 
OF THE NEW YORK INFIRMARY 

321 EAST 15th STREET, NEW YORK. 

Session '93 -'94 opens October 1st, 1893- Three years Graded Course. Instruction by Lectures, Clinics, 
Recitations and practical work, under supervision in Laboratories and Dispensary of College, and in U. S. 
Infirmary. Clinics and operations in most of the City Hospitals and Dispensaries open to Women Students. 
For Catalogues, etc., address 

EMILY BLACKWELL, M. D., 

321 East nth Street, New York. 



HE. They say that college 
girls don't keep up with the 
times? 

SHE. Oh but that isn't true. 
We know with all the rest of 
the world that the Columbia is 
the wheel to get for '93- 

HE. Yes, it takes the lead. 



Catalogues free. 




Would You Like a Better Wheel 

than the COLUMBIA ? 
It couldn't be had. 

For the Columbia is strong, 
light, swift and easy. 

Free instruction to purchasers. 
All orders promptly attended to. 



D. Daekett, Agt., 

WELLESLEY COLLEGE, 

WELLESLEY. 



THE ATTENTION of students is called to our unrivalled line of 

READING LAMPS 



COMPOSED OF- 



PIANO LAMPS, DRESDEN LAMPS, STUDENT LAMPS, HANGING LAMPS, 
NIGHT LAMPS, and that latest and daintiest of Parisian devices, the PRINCESS LAMP. 

R. HOLLINCS 5 CO. 

MANUFACTURERS AND IMPORTERS, 
523-525 WASHINGTON STREET. 

Opposite R. H. White & Co.'s. 



In every department of our store we allow Wellesley Pro- 
fessors and Students a discount, generally 

10 per cent. 



During 'the year you will notice many attractive goods which your friends at home would be 
glad to see. We shall be glad to send samples ;it your request. 

Dress Goods, Hosiery, Neckwear, Millinery, 
Underwear and Art Embroideries 

are perhaps some of the departments most interesting to students, but the discount applies to every 
department. 



R. H. STEARNS & CO. 

Tremont Street and Temple Place - 



BOSTON. 




PHOTOGRAPHER, 

Boston and Brookline, Mass. 

Wellewlcy Branch, 

open every Monday and Tuesday. 

Duplicates of last year portraits and Tree-day 
groups can be had at the Wellesley Studio. 




o^MorBea// W6 Tremont St. 
Da!Mo*»Y, k. y. +* BOSTON 



Pure, Fresh and 
Delicious 




A Choice Selection of Fancy Baskets, Boxes and 
Bonboimieres constantly on hand at very reasonable 
prices. 



Mail Orders given Prompt Attention.